lojbo jufsisku
Lojban sentence search

Total: 17860 result(s)
ce'oi
experimental cmavo argument list separator: acts as a comma between arguments in an argument list supplied to a function. "ce'oi" is the word of choice to separate the arguments in bridi3. Using ce'o there has obvious limitations when the selbri actually calls for a sequence. Obviously, ce'oi has issues too if the selbri can accept an argument list, but this can be circumvented more readily with ke...ke'e brackets than it can with ce'o. Consider ".i lo ka broda cu selbri fi ko'a ce'o ko'e". Without inspecting the type requirements of broda and the respective types of ko'a and ko'e, one cannot determine the meaning of the bridi. Furthermore, if one accepts non-static typing of sumti places, multiple correct answers can be given for a question asking what is the bridi1. This would create ambiguity that is otherwise resolved by "ce'oi". See also ka, du'u, me'au
ciksi
gismu rafsi: cki x1 (person) explains x2 (event/state/property) to x3 with explanation x4 (du'u). Explanation x4 is an underlying mechanism/details/purpose/method for x2 (= velcki for reordered places), generally assumed to be non-obvious; metaphorical usage with the various causal relations (i.e. jalge, mukti, krinu, rinka, nibli, zukte) is possible, but the non-obviousness, and the existence of an explainer with a point of view makes this word not a simple expression of cause. See also cipra, danfu, jalge, jinvi, krinu, mukti, nabmi, preti, rinka, sidbo, zukte, tavla.
citsi
gismu x1 is a season/is seasonal [cyclical interval], defined by interval/property x2, of year(s) x3. Also anniversary (= citsydei, na'arcitsydei), jubilee (= mumnoncitsi); the period of time may be short or long as indicated by x2, and may occur every year or every nth year as indicated by x3 (default every year); (x2 and/or x3 may need metaphorical restriction: djecitsi, pavdeicitsi; also equinox, solstice, time of year. See also cedra, crisa, critu, dunra, ranji, temci, vensa, jbena.
cnemu
gismu rafsi: nem ne'u x1 (agent) rewards x2 [recipient] for atypical x3 (event/property) with reward/desserts x4. Differs from earned payment because of atypical nature; rewards need not be positive but are in some sense deserved from the point of view of the rewarder: positive reward (= zanyne'u), punishment, penalty, demerit (= malne'u, sfane'u); x4 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posne'u, posyvelne'u for unambiguous semantics). See also dunda, friti, jerna, jinga, jivna, pleji, sfasa, venfu, prali, dapma.
cu'au
experimental cmavo universial famyma'o: terminates the most recently opened construct or clause. cu'au looks back for the most recently opened construct that has not been terminated, and emulates whatever famyma'o would terminate it. It can also be subscripted with xi, and will terminate that many times. Note that that means grammatical function is being put in a xi clause, so be careful when using it. Additionally, cu'au xi ro will terminate all the way up to the last sentence-starting word (.i mi klama lo zarci pe lo pendo be mi cu'au xi ro -> .i mi klama lo zarci pe lo pendo be mi cu'au-be'o-ku-ge'u-ku-vau). This will also terminate to sentences started in lu (will NOT emulate li'u UNLESS used multiple times), ni'o, and no'i. It will NOT emulate le'u. In addition to ro, it can be subscripted with da'a, which terminates to the sentence level, minus 1. In the previous example, this would just leave the vau remaining, and allow you to continue to add to the place structure of klama.
dinso
experimental gismu x1 is a dinosaur [very general: any ancient quasi-reptilian vertebrate] of type x2 living in era x3. A gismu version of dinsauru; contrast with reksa. The use of this word is not strictly only relevant to members of clade Dinosauria, although it does include them (and, specifically, birds); its referent might include pterosaurs, icthyosaurs, plesiosaurs, mosasaurs, dimetrodons, avemetatarsaliads, and perhaps even synapsids (in other words, any ancient quasi-reptilian vertebrate). As such, it is a qualitative word that bears no particular or strong attention or respect to genealogy or academic classification of these animals. Basically, any ancient animal the name of which ends in "-saur" can be so-described. Proposed short rafsi: -dis-. See also: rexsa, ketslau, ikfiio, disrmuzo, plesiio.
djuno
gismu rafsi: jun ju'o x1 knows fact(s) x2 (du'u) about subject x3 by epistemology x4. Words usable for epistemology typically have a du'u place; know how to - implying knowledge of method but not necessarily having the ability to practice (= tadjyju'o). (cf. know/familiar with: se slabu, na'e cnino, na'e fange). See also cmavo list du'o, krici, jinvi, cilre, certu, facki, jijnu, jimpe, senpi, smadi, kakne, birti, mipri, morji, saske, viska.
dunda
gismu rafsi: dud du'a x1 [donor] gives/donates gift/present x2 to recipient/beneficiary x3 [without payment/exchange]. Also grants; x3 is a receiver (= terdu'a for reordered places); the Lojban doesn't distinguish between or imply possession transfer or sharing; x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posydu'a, posyseldu'a for unambiguous semantics). See also benji, muvdu, canja, pleji, vecnu, friti, sfasa, dapma, cnemu, prali.
femti
gismu rafsi: fem x1 is 10^{-15} of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro
ganseti
fu'ivla x1 is the sensation/qualia (abstract) associated with objects with property x2 (ka), via sense x3 (ka), as sensed by x4 lo ganseti be lo ka (ce'u) xunre = "the color red", lo ganseti be lo ka (ce'u) sudga = "the sensation/feeling of dryness". x3 is the involved sense, e.g. lo ka viska for sight; this can often be left unspecified. Proposed NU: ga'ei, with rafsi -gel- . See ganse, li'i, li'imdu, gansetifri
gigdo
gismu rafsi: gig gi'o x1 is a billion [British milliard] [10^9] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu. litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro
gocti
gismu rafsi: goc x1 is 10^{-24} of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu. litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro
gotro
gismu rafsi: got x1 is 10^{24} of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu. litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro
grafetu
fu'ivla x1 is the graph on vertices/nodes x2 (set) and edges x3 (set of ordered tuples of vertices in x2) and with additional properties x4. A "web"/"network". An element of x2 is a "place" in a more generic/abstract/metaphoric sense than spatial; must be discrete. Thus, webpages, family diagrams, lattices, pages in a book, cities and roadways on a map, etc. constitute graphs. x1 also includes trees. Notice that both x2 and x3 are sets; an element of x3 is an ordered pair/2-tuple, but the order does not matter unless x1 is oriented, in which case the edge runs from the first node in the tuple to the second node in the tuple. x4 can include defining features, weights, etc. Equivalent to grafu (which is merely the gismu form of this word); very similar to tcana.
grafu
experimental gismu x1 is the graph on vertices/nodes x2 (set) and edges x3 (set of ordered tuples of vertices in x2) and with additional properties x4. A "web"/"network". An element of x2 is a "place" in a more generic/abstract/metaphoric sense than spatial; must be discrete. Thus, webpages, family diagrams, lattices, pages in a book, cities and roadways on a map, etc. constitute graphs. x1 also includes trees. Notice that both x2 and x3 are sets; a member of x3 is an orderedmember of x3 is an ordered tuple, but the order only matters if x1 is oriented, in which case the edge connects from the first node in the tuple to the second node in the tuple (there should only be two entries in the tuple) tuple, but the order only matters if x1 is oriented, in which case the edge connects from the first node in the tuple to the second node in the tuple (there should only be two entries in the tuple). x4 can include defining features, weights, etc. Equivalent to grafetu (which is merely the fu'ivla form of this word); very similar to tcana.
ja'oi
experimental cmavo permutation cycle writer notation start Basically like jo'i, but for cycles. Use boi in order to separate terms. Terminated by tei'u. In this notation, each term maps to the the subsequent term as read from left to right or heard in chronological order of utterance; the last term (immediately before tei'u) maps to the first term. The object constructed is a cyclic permutation, a group element. The singleton cycle is identity on that term. It can be applied to a single element among its terms or may left group act upon a set or structure, or an element if the application is not directly upon it (such as when the application is to an index or variable of that element). Permutations are composed when viewed from outside of their group structure and have the group operator act upon them when within that context. The transposition (1 2) is expressed as ' li ja'oi pa boi re tei'u '. See also: tei'u, ma'o'e, gu'ai, ru'ei, fa'ai.