lojbo jufsisku
Lojban sentence search

Total: 12080 result(s)
ganseti
fu'ivla x1 is the sensation/qualia (abstract) associated with objects with property x2 (ka), via sense x3 (ka), as sensed by x4 lo ganseti be lo ka (ce'u) xunre = "the color red", lo ganseti be lo ka (ce'u) sudga = "the sensation/feeling of dryness". x3 is the involved sense, e.g. lo ka viska for sight; this can often be left unspecified. Proposed NU: ga'ei, with rafsi -gel- . See ganse, li'i, li'imdu, gansetifri
jerna
gismu x1 (agent/person) earns/[deserves/merits] wages/salary/pay x2 for work/service x3 (activity). Also x2 earnings, reward (= zanseljerna or nemjerna), punishment/comeuppance (= sfaseljerna, malseljerna); x3 behavior; job (= terjerna); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyjerna, posyseljerna for unambiguous semantics). See also jibri, pleji, vecnu, cnemu, canja, jdima, jinga, prali, sfasa, janta, kargu, vamji.
jinga
gismu rafsi: jig ji'a x1 (person/team) wins/gains prize x2 from/over x3 [competitors/losers] in competition x4. Also: x1 is a victor; x2 reward; x3 competitors here are opponents and in many situations, defeated/losers, vs. the set of those competing for a goal; x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyji'a, posyselji'a for unambiguous semantics). See also cirko, jivna, talsa, cnemu, prali, pleji, sfasa, jdima, jerna, bradi, kargu, kelci.
jitro
gismu rafsi: tro x1 has control over/harnesses/manages/directs/conducts x2 in x3 (activity/event/performance). x2 are aspects/individuals controlled within activity/event x3; manage (= selzuktro, selzukfu'e, gu'etro, gunfu'e, xaktro, xakfu'e) (as distinct from manager/boss = gunterbe'e, gunja'a, gunmi'e, gunca'i). (cf. cmavo list ji'o, bapli, te bende, gidva - which does not necessarily control or command, jatna, macnu, minde, ponse, ralju, rinka, sazri, turni, vlipa, xance, xlura)
kilto
gismu rafsi: ki'o x1 is a thousand [1000; 10^3] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro, minli
milti
gismu rafsi: mil x1 is a thousandth [1/1000; 10^{-3}] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro
morna
gismu rafsi: mon mo'a x1 is/reflects/represents a pattern of forms/events x2 arranged according to structure x3. [x3 is a model for x1 (= termontai, or the more abstract = termonsi'o); image (= gusmo'a, nenmo'a, dairmo'a, selylenmo'a, selmirmo'a, velmirmo'a, but also all of these -tai instead of -mo'a for the ideal)]; See also ciste, ganzu, marji, slilu, stura, tarmi, boxna, cimde, gidva, jimpe, rilti.
pacna
gismu rafsi: pa'a x1 hopes/wishes for/desires x2 (event), expected likelihood x3 (0-1); x1 hopes that x2 happens. Also: x1 is hopeful of x2; x2 will hopefully occur, as hoped for by x1; the value of x3 is a subjective estimate of likeliness according to x1, and is the basic determinant of whether pacna means 'hope' or 'wish' or 'expect': hoping for objects/states with negligible expectation is "wishing"; if the state is plausibly likely, it is "hoping"; when the probability is subjectively near 1, the attitude is described as "expecting"; the value will usually be expressed using inexact numbers ("li piso'u" to "li piro"); wish (= sotpa'a), hope (= sorpa'a), expect (= sojypa'a). See also djica.
terjonle'u
lujvo x1 (letteral: la'e zo BY/word-bu) is a hyphen/joining letter(al) in language x2 with function in/context of use/with rules for use/with properties x3, joining prefixed unit/lexeme/morpheme/string x4 (quote) to postfixed unit/lexeme/morpheme/string x5 (quote) in construct (full word) x6 (quote) x1 joins words/morphemes/particles into a single cohesive, grammatical unit. x4 and x5 may be improper quotes. In English, "-" is such a hyphen letteral; in Lojban, ybu, ry, ny, and ly are such hyphen letterals (arguably, as is y'y). The fact that the letteral is used to join words is implicit and this function therefore need not be specified in x3 in most cases.
vamji
gismu rafsi: vam va'i x1 (ni) is the equivalent value/worth of x2 [item(s) of value] to x3 for use/appreciation x4. Also: x2 is worth x1 to x3; (for x2 person:) x2 merits (one sense), (adjective:) x2 is worthy (= selva'i for reordered places); merit reward (= nemselva'i); receive merited reward (= vamselne'u); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyva'i, posyselva'i for unambiguous semantics). (cf. jdima, jerna, vecnu, dirba, janta, kargu, pleji; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, vajni)
zviki
experimental gismu x1 (agent) creates 'hack' x2 (nu/zu'o/si'o) for system/tool x3 from inspiration x4; x2 is an emergent use/purpose for x3, unexpected by the original creators or users Contains no positive or negative connotations, can refer both to 'cool/elegant hacks' (se mlezvi) and 'kludge/ugly hacks' (se feglyzvi). Hack as in 'gain unauthorized or unexpected access to' = zvijonse, 'White-hat' hacking = vudzvi/vudzvijonse, 'black-hat' hacking = pacyzvi/pacyzvijonse, 'grey-hat' hacking = norvudzvi/norvudzvijonse. Proposed rafsi: -zvi-. See kosmu, finti, jonse
zucna
experimental gismu x1 is counterclockwise/left-turn-direction of[/to] x2 along/following track x3 [path] in frame of reference x4 (where the axis is within the region defined by the track as the boundary, as viewed from and defined by view(er) x4; see notes); x1 is locally to the left of x2, according to x4, constrained along x3; x1 is along a left turn from x2 along path x3, as viewed in frame x4. Angular/curling direction: counterclockwise. The orientation of the path determines x4 but does not factor into consideration for x3. Further glosses: counterclockwise, locally leftward, left-turning (with no bulk translation) in a way that would be characterized as "positive" by the right-hand rule (aligned with and in the direction of a basis vector, at least for a given component). x1 is right-handedly/counterclockwise(ly) oriented relative to x2 on/along x3 in frame of reference x4 x1 is right-handed (one sense) from x2 [more accurately: moving from x2 to x1 requires a(n imaginary) motion that is right-handed along x3 as seen in frame/orientation/perspective x4]. x1 is to the path-following left of x2 (where the path is connected; as such, x1 is also be to the path-following right of x2, although there is an implication that the former is the smaller (or equal-length) path). See also: dutso, za'ei (vectorial cross product), zu'au (modal). Proposed short rafsi: -zuc-, -zu'a-. (If “zn” ever becomes a permissible initial consonant pair, krtisfranks proposes that “-zna-” become a rafsi of this word- it makes zucna and dutso more parallel in lujvo formation, and he is of the opinion that this word is useful and basic enough to warrant such a prized rafsi assignment; after this addition, the current two rafsi proposals can be done away with, reassigned, maintained, vel sim. as desired by the community at the time. In particular, he recognizes that “-zu’a-” might be confusing as a rafsi for this word while being a modal cmavo for zunle; but he does believe that this word deserves a vowel-final short rafsi.)
banli
gismu rafsi: bal ba'i x1 is great/grand in property x2 (ka) by standard x3. Indicates a subjective greatness, as compared to the objective standard implied for barda; (synonyms, possibly requiring tanru:) extraordinary, illustrious, magnificent, impressive, awesome, grandiose, august, inspiring, special, majestic, distinguished, eminent, splendor, stately, imposing (all generally zabna); terrible (mabla). See also barda, nobli, se sinma, pluja, misno, vajni, fasnu, cizra, traji, mutce, se manci.
banvoksle
lujvo s1 (phone/speech sounds; specifically is linguistic and vocal) is a phoneme in/of segment of utterance/speech stream s2=v1 in language b1 of speaker v2=b2 in order to communicate/express b3 (si'o/du'u; not quote(?)), produced with body-parts/tools x6 at loci/in position/manner (of articulation) x7 Must be vocal. x2 is a recognized/represented by (belongs to equivalence class of) phoneme x1. Contrast with: bancocysle (which is nonvocal). Recognition of a phoneme as linguistically distinct is language-dependent; b1 is a language which includes/recognizes said phoneme (and which realizes/recognizes/categorizes/divides phones s2 into the equivalence class of that phoneme). x6 and x7 are not predictable from the veljvo.
baxydinkarda
lujvo x1=k1 is a debit/bank/check card with balance x2=j1 at bank/financial institution x3=b1=b2 Necessarily coupled to bank account(s) with withdrawable (positive) balance. See payment card (lejykarda), credit/charge card (jitseldejykarda/detseldejykarda) and stored-value card (vamveile'ikarda). Cf. maksriveikarda, lejykardymi'i, banxa, pleji, jdini.
benji
gismu rafsi: bej be'i x1 transfers/sends/transmits x2 to receiver x3 from transmitter/origin x4 via means/medium x5. Also possibly "sharing"; no (complete) alienation from origin is implied. x5 carrier. See also muvdu, dunda, mrilu, nirna, xruti, cradi, tivni, preja, cmavo list be'i, bevri, mrilu, tcana.