nacyzmarai
lujvo x_{1} (number) is the greatest element/maximum of the set (of numbers) x_{2} under (partial) ordering x_{3} x1 must be a set. If this word is being used as a function (max), common but lazy mathematical practice allows for speaking of "the maximum of a function" (including sequences) or to constrain the maximum with respect to certain variables, but these constraints can and properly ought to be incorporated into the definition of the set of which the maximum is being taken. This word is not limited to purely mathematical usage and the set can be defined loosely (such as in "the maximum number of people whom I permit to be invited" wherein the set x2 is understood to be the set of the possible acceptable numbers of guests allowed by the speaker). The maximum x1 must belong to set x2; compare with: mecraizmana'u (supremum). See also: nacmecrai.


nakcei
lujvo c_{1} is a god (specifically, male deity) of people(s)/religion c_{2} with dominion over c_{3} [sphere]. In English, "god" can be either genderless or male (depending on context and contrast), while specifically indicating a female deity by use of the word "goddess". In order to correct this imbalance, Lojban is equipped with fetcei and nakcei (among other words) for the variously characterized deities, whereas cevni makes no implications about the gender of the deity. Cf. fetcei, nakni, cevni, lijda, krici, censa, malsi. Recommended to be used only use when contrasted with fetcei or masculinity of the deity is to be emphasized/important.


nanvi
gismu rafsi: nav x_{1} is a billionth/thousandmillionth [10^{9}] of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro


petso
gismu rafsi: pet x_{1} is 10^{15} of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro


picti
gismu rafsi: pic x_{1} is a trillionth [10^{12}] of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). Cf. grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.


pleji
gismu rafsi: lej le'i x_{1} pays/compensates/remunerates/[rewards] payment x_{2} to recipient/payee x_{3} for goods/services x_{4}. Also x_{4} commodities; x_{4} may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posle'i, posyvelyle'i for unambiguous semantics); rent (= jerle'i, lejyjbera). (cf. canja, cnemu, friti, kargu, vecnu, jdima, prali, jerna, sfasa, dunda, jinga, dapma; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, cirko, dirba)


radno
gismu rafsi: ra'o x_{1} is x_{2} radian(s) [metric unit] in angular measure (default is 1) by standard x_{3}. Measured in degrees (julra'o); right ascension astronomical measurement. (= cacryra'o). See also jganu, kilto, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, gutci, litce, megdo, mikri, milti, minli, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.


salri
experimental gismu x_{1} is the differintegral of x_{2} with respect to x_{3} of order x_{4} with starting point x_{5} Definition of which differintegral operator is being used is context dependent. Output x1 is a function, not a value (that is, it is f rather than f(x)); it must be specified/restricted to a value in order to be a value. x2 is likewise a function. If the function has only one variable, x3 defaults to that variable; when x2 is physical, without context, time will probably usually be assumed as the default of x3 (but may be made explicit by temsalri). Positive values of x4 are integrals, negative values are derivatives, and zero is identity; at the least, any real value may be supplied for x4; x4 has no default value. Useful for making lujvo for physics, for specifying career/total/sum versus peak/instantaneous value, for distinguishing between instantaneous versus average values/quantities, for specifying rates, generalized densities (including pressure), "per" for smooth quantities, etc. See also: salrixo (synonymous zi'evla).


salrixo
fu'ivla x_{1} is the differintegral of x_{2} with respect to x_{3} of order x_{4} with starting point x_{5} Definition of which differintegral operator is being used is context dependent. Output x1 is a function, not a value (that is, it is f rather than f(x)); it must be specified/restricted to a value in order to be a value. x2 is likewise a function. If the function has only one variable, x3 defaults to that variable; when x2 is physical, without context, time will probably usually be assumed as the default of x3 (but may be made explicit by {temci zei salrixo}). Positive values of x4 are integrals, negative values are derivatives, and zero is identity; at the least, any real value may be supplied for x4; x4 has no default value. Useful for making lujvo for physics, for specifying career/total/sum versus peak/instantaneous value, for distinguishing between instantaneous versus average values/quantities, for specifying rates, etc. See also: salri (synonymous gismu).


samjavyfonxypliduskemjuglerci'analka'ebi'ojaxyja'e
lujvo x_{1} becomes incapable of writing characters x_{2} of alphabet/writing system x_{3}, which is reflects chinese culture/languge/etc. in aspect x_{4} and which represent x_{5}, on writing surface/medium x_{6} with writing implement x_{7} under conditions of being incapable x_{8} under conditions of becoming incapable x_{9}, as a result of x_{1} making excessive use of x_{10} which is a computer for purpose x_{11} or x_{12} which is a phone connected to network x_{13}, used for purpose x_{14}, excessive by amount x_{15}. The two "under conditions" places arise from the incorporation of both kakne and binxo. They are not to be confused. Ilmen inspired the creation of this lujvo.


slabu
gismu rafsi: sau x_{1} is old/familiar/wellknown to observer x_{2} in feature x_{3} (ka) by standard x_{4}. This can cover both meanings of old. Old in years, i.e. age, can be conveyed through x_{2} = the world, life, existence (= loi nu zasti); in usage this has been a common default for ellipsis. However slabu is not the opposite of 'young' (= nalci'o, tolci'o), but the opposite of 'new' (= tolni'o); also ancient (= tcesau), age (= nilsau); x_{2} is used to x_{1} (= selsau for reordered places); historic/historical (= cirsau, cirselcedra; also vaipru). (cf. clani, citno, cnino, se djuno; not the opposite of citno, djuno)


snidu


tcaxe
experimental gismu x_{1} (object) has charge x_{2} (number) in units x_{3} for interaction/of type x_{4} and in/by/using convention x_{5} Generic type of charge; individual charges tend to be scalars. For electromagnetism, the meaning of a "positive charge" is either the signum of the charge of an electron for electricity or the signum of the charge of a south magnet for magnetism. Includes mass (gravitation charge (gavytcaxe) if it is being treated as such; x2 default: ma'u), electric charge (dicmytcaxe), (strong) isospin, weak isospin, color charge (Quantum Chromodynamics; tsabytcaxe), intrinsic spin/DiracPauli charge, most quantum numbers (lepton number, baryon number), etc. See also: majga, dikca, eldicka'u, kuardicka'u, paulcna, plankexu, grake.


tcelerita
fu'ivla x_{1} (number; default: 1) is the physical speed supremum (for objects of positive masses)/celeritas/c_{0} expressed in units x_{2} (default: in terms of natural parameter c_{0}; id est: unitless/dimensionless and equal to 1) in (paradigm/system of) physics x_{3} (default: this, our actual. physical universe and reality); In the Newtonian model, for any finite nonzero units of spatial length and temporal duration, c0 is infinitely large. In the modern Relativistic/Einsteinian paradigm of physics, c0 is a finite positive number for any finite nonzero units of spatial length and temporal duration; thus, in such cases, we can set it equal to 1 (begin measuring in terms of percentage of c0) and gain scaled Relativistic results; by Maxwellian electromagnetism, c0 = 299792458 m/s. Notice the lack of reference to the speed of light and of media through which the wave/particle propagates. This is a physical constant of a universe; any entities of zero mass in a universe will propagate at c0 in an ideal perfect vacuum/classical free space  we just happen to name three such entities "light", "gravitation", and "the strong nuclear force". See also: plankexu, gravnutnoia, boltsemaku, avgadro, ocnerta.


terto
gismu rafsi: tet x_{1} is a trillion [10^{12}] of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). Cf. grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.


xampo
