xatsi
gismu rafsi: xat x_{1} is 10^{18} of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.


xecto
gismu rafsi: xet cto x_{1} is a hundred [100; 10^2] of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). Cf. grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xexso, zepti, zetro.


xexso
gismu rafsi: xex x_{1} is 10^{18} of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). Cf. grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu. litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, zepti, zetro.


xulta
experimental gismu x_{1} is beyond/beside/abstract/meta (older sense) to x_{2} so as to be an abstraction thereof/external thereto, being so beyond/abstract in property/aspect x_{3}, and having features x_{4}, governed by/considered in system/considerations/epistemology/theory x_{5}; x1 is conceptually beyond/external to/higher up than x_{2} (in, for example, existential or consideration precedence) x1 need not be an abstraction *of* x2, but must be abstract *to* it. The word "metaphysics" could be translated with/using this word. All meta things (in the sense of cmeta) are necessarily xulta, but the converse is not true; may also include all things that are sucta. This word is different from sucta in that no concept or properties need to be generalized/simplified/idealized/abstracted from x2 in order to produce x1 (by some rules); x1 is just an object/concept/system/etc. that exists beyond/external to x2 (in some "higher plane", so to speak). Do not confuse with: xutla. Proposed short rafsi: xut. See also: cmeta, sucta.


zepti
gismu rafsi: zep x_{1} is 10^{21} of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). (cf. grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zetro)


zetro
gismu rafsi: zet x_{1} is 10^{21} of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). Cf. grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti.


ju'au
experimental cmavo semimathematical binary operator: named number base operator/interpreter Follows a number and is followed by a sumti string (introduced with appropriate gadri, multiple sumti strung together via connectives); scope terminates with the end of the sumti and/or with ke'e'au. The construct as a whole syntactically functions as a parenthetical so that mekso may be resumed immediately thereafter without any difficulty. This word attaches to/affects the immediately preceding macrodigit string extending from the last evaluated number, number operation, etc. or bracket to/until this word. The preceding number is semantically interpreted according to the description to which the following sumti refers. If a sequence is supplied as the following sumti, the preceding number is interpreted so that each digit, starting from the left (default: see next), is understood as a multiple of the corresponding value in the sequence under the ordering given (which may produce an invalid/illformed result; the placement of pi matters as well). If a single number is submitted (such as "li dau"), this word acts as ju'u; the number is interpreted according to the rules of mekso and is its own island for such interpretation (thus ju'u is needed to override a cultural/grammatical default interpretation, such as decimal, even if this is done within the mekso expression outside of and including the scope of this word). In this way, the sumti being (10^n)_n, which is a sequence, is the same as the sumti being just 10, but is very different from it being the sequence (10)_n. The original default for numeralposition/string reading/interpretation is from lefttoright, where a digit on the left in a pair of digits represents that multiple of a "later" term in the sequence as compared to right member of the pair; thus "23" in decimal means (2*(10^1)) + (3*(10^0)), which is twentythree. This default may be overridden via specification of the sequence (either its ordering, its domain being negated, or alteration to the base); alternatively, and perhaps more easily, the appearance of "la'e zoi jbo. ri'u bi'o zu'a .jbo" will always reverse it (this is a special input value with interpretation defined by this grammar); when reversed, "23" in decimal means (2*(10^0)) + (3*(10^1)), which is to say thirtytwo. Generally, this word overrides the default interpretation of a string of microdigits when computing the value of a macrodigit (see: ju'u'i). See also: ju'u, ju'u'i, pi'e.


jdima
gismu rafsi: di'a x_{1} [amount] is the price of x_{2} to purchaser/consumer x_{3} set by vendor x_{4}. x_{2} may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posydi'a, posyseldi'a for unambiguous semantics); price is something decided/set by the seller, and is closely akin to offer (friti), which is what a buyer may decide; (note that price is not he same as cost/expense, which is the actual amount exchanged in a transaction; the latter is vecnu or canja; neither is the same as "value" or vamji; in colloquial English, these are sometimes interchanged, at least partially because of the rarity of barter and bargaining in the marketplace). See also canja, friti, janta, jdini, kargu, pleji, dapma, vamji for 'value', ve vecnu for 'cost', canja, fepni, jerna, jinga, prali, rupnu, sfasa, vamji.


jviso
experimental gismu x_{1} is the ISO designation/result/standard/code for topic x_{2} applied to specific case/individual/group/thing x_{3} according to rule/ISO specification x_{4} published by/according to mandating organization x_{5} (default: ISO) Theoretically, the standard organization/body could be other than ISO, but it should be prominent and/or international (and internationally recognized) in scope and nature; in such a case, replace each occurrence of "ISO" in the definition with the appropriate name/designation/title (of the organization, etc.). x1 need not be a namedesignation/code (it could be the result of any rule), although it likely will commonly be so. Examples of possible x2filling sumti: codedesignations for language, country, currency, script, etc.. For an entity with a given code, use terjviso or terseljviso (specifying the type of entity being designated by use of the appropriate terbri j2); for a given ISO rule, consider veljviso; for the organization ISO, consider xeljviso. See also: linga, landa, rucni, cilfu, jvinjiata/jvisiata, jvinjica'o/jvisica'o, jvisuai, jvisiupaco, jvisrcei, jvisrbipmo. This word is the gismu version of: javniso/jvaiso.


pletomino
fu'ivla x1 is a polyform/polyplet/polyomino/polyabolo/polyiamond (etc.) composed of parts/'tile' polytope x2 arranged in (finite) unified shape/pattern x3 in ambient space x4 and subject to rules/restrictions/conditions x5 The number arrangement and rules may be as generic/vague as desired. The number of polytope 'tiles' used can be specified in the third of fifth terbri as desired; the polytopes used need not all be the same, nor regular, so long as the arrangement is meaningful and possible. One of the main differences between rectangular polyplets and polyominoes is that polyominoes cannot have their polytope tiles touching only at their vertices whereas polyplets can (thus, polyominoes are a subset of the rectangular polyplets); this difference can be specified in the final terbri. A tiling of a space may be considered to be an infinite polyform, but that is rather pathological and we can reasonably assume that polyforms referenced by this word will be finite. The polyform is considered to be a unified whole entity. The ambient space is usually going to be the Euclidean space of the same dimension as the polytopes (and the former dimension cannot be exceeded by the latter except in the marginal case of lowerdimensional (id est: hyperplanar) arrangements, in which case parallel crosssections are really being considered); this space determines the rigidmotion/symmetry isomorphisms of various polyforms (Z and S tetraminoes are nonisomorphic under rigidmotion in the Euclidean plane but are so isomorphic in Euclidean 3space). The ambient space also determines the expression of (and indeed the 'allowed') polytopes: spherical geometry allows for digons to be arranged so as to form a polyform, but Euclidean 2space prohibits such objects from the set of possible polygons. The default polytope will probably be a 2dimensional square; thus the default ambient space will likely be Euclidean 2space. See also: karda, korfaipletomino


rakle
experimental gismu x_{1} is an atomic element in group x_{2} [usually, vertical column; denotes electron configuration and, thereby, chemical similarity with vertical neighbors] and period x_{3} [usually, horizontal row; denotes similarity in size with horizontal neighbors, as well as having the same number and type of electron shells as them] and belonging to other 'class'/'category'/'type'/having other properties x_{4} according to scheme/organization pattern/standard/periodic table x_{5}. x4 can be any category of similar elements, such as (but not limited to): metals, conductors, gases (at STP), or those elements which obey some sort of pattern following certain atomic/physical/chemical characteristics (such as first iönization energy, stability of nucleus, abnormalities in electron configuration according to naïve expectations, etc.). Groups may (presently) be hard to name (or unsystematic in such) since the periodic table may be infinitely large such that it is equipped with an infinite number of groups between any two mutually nonidentical groups. For now, use cmevla or brivla for designating groups; optionally, pick a representative member of that group. Periods can be designated similarly or by number (counting by ones from one (being the period containing hydrogen)). See also: ratykle, ratniklesi for nongismu options; ratni, klesi, navni, kliru, cidro, tabno, kijno, gapci, xukmi


ratniklesi
fu'ivla x_{1} is an atomic element in group x_{2} [usually, vertical column; denotes electron configuration and, thereby, chemical similarity with vertical neighbors] and period x_{3} [usually, horizontal row; denotes similarity in size with horizontal neighbors, as well as having the same number and type of electron shells as them] and belonging to other 'class'/'category'/'type'/having other properties x_{4} according to scheme/organization pattern/standard/periodic table x_{5}. Nongismu version of rakle. x4 can be any category of similar elements, such as (but not limited to): metals, conductors, gases (at STP), or those elements which obey some sort of pattern following certain atomic/physical/chemical characteristics (such as first iönization energy, stability of nucleus, abnormalities in electron configuration according to naïve expectations, etc.). Groups may (presently) be hard to name (or unsystematic in such) since the periodic table may be infinitely large such that it is equipped with an infinite number of groups between any two mutually nonidentical groups. For now, use cmevla or brivla for designating groups; optionally, pick a representative member of that group. Periods can be designated similarly or by number (counting by ones from one (being the period containing hydrogen)). See also: rakle, ratykle; ratni, klesi, navni, kliru, cidro, tabno, kijno, gapci, xukmi


vlalikei
fu'ivla x_{1} [mass/sequence] plays the Lojban word chaining game (vlalinkei) with ruleset x_{2} and winner x_{3} with resulting sentence x_{4} against world champion x_{6} for fabulous cash prize x_{7} and endorsement deal(s) x_{8} groupies x_{9} (except they probably go earlier), played at time x_{10} at location x_{11} and honorific title x_{12} breaking record(s) x_{13} with mindless spectators x_{14} taking time x_{15} [amount] containing most frequently used word x_{16} (zo) and not using perfectly good words x_{17} (zo) displaying new strategy/trick x_{18} supervised by x_{19} with referee x_{20} and used message transmission system x_{21} time limit per move x_{22} shortest move of the game x_{23} broadcast on TV network(s) x_{24} with Neilson ratings x_{25} supplanting previously most watched show x_{26} winning new fans x_{27} who formerly played x_{28} which is inferior for reasons x_{29} by standard x_{30} with banned words x_{31} with words winning additional points x_{32} with climax of suspense x_{33} and best comeback x_{34}


corci
experimental gismu x_{1} is a gesture/facial expression/body part motion/body language/expressive (nonverbal or nonvocal) feature/microexpression/stature/posture/sign/body signal [nonverbal expression made using only one's body parts and items on one's immediate person as extensions of the body in order to communicate; possibly nonlinguistic/extralinguistic] that conveys/expresses thought/emotion/command/idea x_{2} (nu/si'o; possibly text and other types) made using body part/utensil/object/at locus x_{3} in/by motion/action/means x_{4} Must be bodyoriented; any other object involved is simply for the matter of convenience and acts as an extension of the body (and thus must be on the performer's immediate person at or near the locus of the gesture). Body language, posturing, and stature are usually considered to be nonlocalized (bodygeneral), although they need not be (and technically are not in general). Must be externally visible and/or internally sensed. Any nonbodypart utensil/item (including clothing) must function as an extension of the body in the gesture. Need not be conscious or performed by a person (note that agent/performer is not mentioned in this definition); can, but need not, be accompanied by vocalizations (not necessarily linguistic), but the gesture itself is not primarily noiseproducing. Might include sign language words or cheremes, although a more explicit word for linguistically organized and “full” cheremes is preferred (and especially for the sign language as a whole). x1 is possibly best typed by nu and/or si'o. x4 might be best expressed as an event; for example, it could be "the event of the right hand touching the chest near the heart, with fist clenched" for a salute, whereas/wherein x3 would be merely the fist/hand (and the chest near the heart). Use cocygau for: x1 (agent) gestures; x1 agentively/actively makes gesture x2, communicating x3, performed with body part(s) x4 in motion x5. Proposed short rafsi: coc.


besto
experimental gismu x_{1} dons metaphorical asbestos suit x_{2} to guard against flames x_{3} on topic x_{4} from x_{5}, who disagrees with post x_{6} for reason x_{7}, not realizing that the post was meant to be sent to x_{8} rather than all of mailing list x_{9} (default jboste) where it was posted in response to email x_{10}, whose author wishes selma'o x_{11} (default SE) were extended to concisely express place x_{12} of brivla x_{13} (default besto) which has place structure x_{14} and too many places because of sadistic whim x_{15} of brivlamaker x_{16}, who also created brivla x_{17} which has place structure x_{18}, and so winds up using too many of cmavo x_{19} (default zi'o) in order to make the brivla ( x_{13}) more usable by standard x_{20} and wishes they had never heard of the word besto for reason x_{21}, not realizing for reason x_{22} that it was suggested sarcastically due to boredom x_{23} of person x_{24}, who is proposing it against better judgement x_{25} because it is fun by standard x_{26}, but still wishes it had as many places as x_{27} (default du) for reason x_{28}, and feels like throwing in epistemology sumti x_{29}, because he/she knows both that gismu x_{30} (default besto) has its place structure defined by runon sentence x_{31} and that epistemology sumti are used in gismu x_{32} by epistemology x_{33}, notwithstanding the fact that x_{34} actually has a use for besto places x_{35} (default 1) through x_{36} (default x7) and wishes this weren't an extremely long and stupid joke, longer than joke x_{37} and stupider than joke x_{38} but still appreciated by x_{39}  a fact which says x_{40} about them in the opinion of x_{41}  but not seen as even remotely amusing by x_{42}, who is aware that x_{43} has a use for the gismu besto because of x_{45} A joke gismu from http://mw.lojban.org/index.php?title=besto . Place x_44 is absent for some reason


daigno
fu'ivla x_{1} (ordered list) is a sampling of entries of matrix/tensor x_{2} in which exactly one entry is sampled from each row and/or column (etc.) between entries x_{3} (list; default: the largest 'square'/'hypercubic' sampling possible in the entire tensor starting with the first entry, see notes) inclusively following selection procedure/rule/function/order x_{4} (default: diagonally, see notes), where the tensor/matrix is expressed in basis/under conditions x_{5} Entries of the list in x3 need not actually be sampled; the entries listed are merely to name the minimal and maximal indices between which the sampling may be drawn. Thus, the indices/labels specified are included in the range of sampling; id est: if the matrix entries listed belong to the ith row and jth column and the (i+n)th row and (j+m)th column respectively (for positive integers i,j,n,m), then the sampling will be conducted in all rows of number between (and including) i and i+n (yielding n+1 sampled rows) and in all columns of number between (and including) j and j+m (yielding m+1 sampled columns). The default diagonal sampling procedure for x4 is as follows: The first sampled entry has the minimum allowed (as specified in x3) indices. All latter sampled entries (by default) have indices of the immediately previous sampled entry each augmented by 1. (Which is to say that if the kth sampled entry has indices (x,y,...), in that order, then the (k+1)th sampled entry has indices (x+1,y+1,...), in that order and where each subsequent index would be the respective index of the kth sampled entry augmented by 1). The process terminates generally whenever exactly one entry is sampled from each of the rows, each of the columns, etc. of the tensor. In the default, the process terminates when at least one of the indices of a sampled entry of the tensor is as large as possible in the range specified by x3. Thus, in order to reconcile the general and the default termination conditions, the range specified by x3 must be compatible with both; id est: it must be a rdimensional hypercube of entries, so to speak, where r is the rank of tensor x2. The default for sampling range x3 is between and including the entry in the first row and first column (etc.) and the entry in the last row and last column (etc.) for an rdimensional hypercube tensor (meaning that each row, column, etc. of the tensor has exactly the same number of entries as the others). Generally, the default range begins with the entry of indices each minimal in the tensor (called 'the first entry') and extends to include ("draw") the maximal rdimensional hypercube of entries in the tensor with one vertex on the first entry; in other words, if the minimum of the set of maximal indices in the tensor is g, then the sampling range is every row between the first and the gth, every column between the first and the gth, etc. Generally, the sampling range must be an rdimensional orthotope of some positive size (that is to say: including at least one entry) no larger than the tensor itself, but with the freedom to place at most r of its vertices among the entries thereof; if the default sampling procedure x4 is being used, then the rdimensional orthotope must be an rdimensional hypercube. Generalizes to any tensor, but is only interesting for tensors of rank at least 1. Any mention of geometric terminology (such as mention of diagonals, orthotopes, etc.) in the definition or notes of this word should be interpreted cautiously and is not necessarily good Lojbanic practice; such terminology should not necessarily be emulated in practicing Lojbanic thought or speech. Not for use for geometric diagonals (such as between vertices); confer: digno.
