lojbo jufsisku
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experimental cmavo gafyzmico: Reset all default specification of the immediately previous word to their respective discourse-external/official definition specifications for this instance/usage only. Resets all defaults (default specifications) in the (terbri) structure of immediately previously uttered word so that implicit/omitted zo'e and di'au that may fill the terbri of that word are predefined/specific in reference and do indeed necessarily agree with the default setting explicitly specified in the discourse-exterior/”official” definition of the word. The terbri are not filled by this word. Usage is only meaningful for a brivla with at least one terbri (regardless of being explicitly filled or otherwise). In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri default restoration (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has the x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word, but the default setting of that terbri is so restored all the same; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by be or bei; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word. The restoration is only effective for the single occurrence/instant/usage of this word (the next use of the affected word will be implicitly accompanied by its terbri defaults, as defined elsewhere (by official definition or by other (permanent) modifications made to the word)). See also: dau'a, de'oi, zmico
experimental cmavo begin quote that is converted into rafsi, distributing lujvo-glue between quoted words Terminated by zei'oi. Begins a quote of a grammatical utterance. Between each word in the utterance, zei is to be interpreted and any grouping that might be applied is left-grouping. In other words, zei is distributed left-groupingly between each word; each word is treated on its own, individually; the quote is not treated as a whole. The final word is interpreted to have zei after it as well (this is a quirk of zei'oi), thus the quote is a string of rafsi, left-groupingly considered to be a rafsi. In order to end the lujvo formed with such a quote, follow it by co'e. This word compactifies large zei-clauses/-statements. For the perhaps generally more useful, if slightly more ambiguous, quote marker that treats the quote as a whole entity and converts it singly and wholly into a rafsi (rather than a rafsi string, as is done by this word), see: zei'ei. This word works as zei'ei does in all other regards (including as a marker for a new word (specifically a lujvo) unless preceded by zei or possibly by a standalone and otherwise ungrammatical rafsi). For the purpose of quoting with ra'oi, the result of a zei'ei'au-quote is treated as a single rafsi.
lujvo v1 is an insurance premium for an insurance sold from v2=b1 to b2=v4, which is v3. v2=b1 and b2=v4 do not neccessarily need to be human, these could also refer to abstract entities, like companies. See also: binra, vecnu and ve.
gismu rafsi: bis x1 is a quantity of/is made of/contains ice [frozen crystal] of composition/material x2. Composition including x2, which need not be a complete composition. See also kunra, runme, lenku, krili, bratu, snime, carvi.
lujvo v1 is a morphologically defined predicate word signifying relation b2 in language v3. Derived from bridi and valsi, deleting b3, as we are speaking of the relationship independent of particular arguments. In Lojban, such words must end in a vowel and contain a consonant cluster within the first five letters (not counting y). Not all words that can be used as a selbri (for instance members of GOhA) are brivla.
gismu rafsi: bud x1 is x2 (def. 1) local weight unit(s) [non-metric], standard x3, subunits [e.g. ounces] x4. (additional subunit places may be added as x5, x6, ...); See also grake, junta, tilju, rupnu, fepni, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli, kramu.
gismu rafsi: ca'a x1 is apparatus/mechanism/device/equipment for function x2 controlled/[triggered] by x3 (agent). Form determined by/from function; does not imply automated/automatic action - requires an external agent/trigger (a minji may be a zmiku cabra if it requires an external agent to trigger or control the functions that it performs automatically). (cf. tutci, minji, finti; girzu, ganzu for organizational apparatus, pilno)
lujvo x1 (number) is the minute/minute notation of the hour, of event/state x2, in system x3. cacra zei mentu zei tcika. As default, the number x1 is counted from the first minute of the hour. See ti'u'e for BAI. ex.) li cino cu cacryme'utcika lo nu mi ti xrukla kei py sy ty (I will be back at thirty minutes past the hour PST.)
experimental cmavo lambda variable prenex; marks the end of introduction of lambda-scope variables. Cf. zo'u. In effect this word is used as a shortcut around verbose repeated assignment in a ka prenex: lo ka ce'u goi ko'a ce'u goi ko'e ... zo'u ... is the same as lo ka ko'a ko'e ... ce'ai ... In either form this style can be used to avoid subscripting and to disambiguate nested ka, ni, etc.
gismu rafsi: cel ce'a x1 launches/fires/shoots projectile/missile x2, propelled by x3 [propellant/propulsion]. Also: x1 is a gun/launcher/cannon; x1 hurls/throws/casts (more general than renro in that propulsion need not be internal to x1). See also renro, danti, jakne, jbama, spoja.
gismu rafsi: ced x1 is an heir to/is to inherit x2 (object/quality) from x3 according to rule x4. Pedantically, inheriting an object should be a sumti-raising (tu'a if non-abstract in x2) of inheriting loka ponse the object - the ownership of the object (= posycerda, posyselcerda for unambiguous semantics). See also jgina.
gismu rafsi: kai x1 has/is characterized by property/feature/trait/aspect/dimension x2 (ka); x2 is manifest in x1. Manifested/property/quality/trait/feature/aspect (= selkai). See also: cmavo list kai, ka; tcaci, tcini. Need not be a defining property (which is what "characterize" means in English).
gismu rafsi: kik x1 is a key fitting/releasing/opening/unlocking lock x2, and having relevant properties x3. Also x2 fastener, mechanism; code key (= termifckiku, kiktermifra); x3 is dependent on the type of key, but are those form properties of the key that enable it to serve the function of opening the lock - in the case of a metal key to a padlock, for example, this would be the shaft and teeth. See also stela.
lujvo x1=d1=c1 is a sword / long knife weapon for use against x2=d2 by x3 with blade of material d3 long by standard c3. May be shortened to cladaxi. Cf. clani, dakfu, xarci, baldakyxa'i.
experimental gismu x1 is a morphologically defined name word meaning x2 in language x3. (By analogy with brivo; syn. cmevla) In Lojban, such words are characterized by ending with a consonant. In Lojban, a cmevo may only consist of a single word, whereas a cmene can consist of one or multiple words, which may be cmevo. See also vlaturge'a.
lujvo x1 (du'u) is an axiom/doctrine/creed/postulate about subject x2, foundational to system x3 x1 = krici_2 = jicmu_1, x2 = krici_3, x3 = jicmu_2. The system may be religious, philosophical, scientific, or mathematical. Refers to any proposition assumed as true without being proved within the system itself. See sruma