ja'oi
experimental cmavo permutation cycle writer notation start Basically like jo'i, but for cycles. Use boi in order to separate terms. Terminated by tei'u. In this notation, each term maps to the the subsequent term as read from left to right or heard in chronological order of utterance; the last term (immediately before tei'u) maps to the first term. The object constructed is a cyclic permutation, a group element. The singleton cycle is identity on that term. It can be applied to a single element among its terms or may left group act upon a set or structure, or an element if the application is not directly upon it (such as when the application is to an index or variable of that element). Permutations are composed when viewed from outside of their group structure and have the group operator act upon them when within that context. The transposition (1 2) is expressed as ' li ja'oi pa boi re tei'u '. See also: tei'u, ma'o'e, gu'ai, ru'ei, fa'ai.


jednpa
fu'ivla x_{1} (event/state) is on Monday or the first day of a week x_{2} in system x_{3}. lo jednpa = lo se jefydeidetri be li pa. ex.) lo nu sanga ctuca mi cu jednpa ro loi re jeftu la gregoris (It's on Monday of every two weeks that I learn singing.) / mi'a kansa lo nunjmaji noi jednpa lo bavlamjeftu (We will attend the meeting on Monday of next week.) See also detri, detke'u, jeftu; jednpa, jednre, jednci, jednvo, jednmu, jednxa, jednze, jednbi, jednso, jedndau, jednfei, jedngai, jednjau, jednrei or jednxei, jednvai.


jerna
gismu x_{1} (agent/person) earns/[deserves/merits] wages/salary/pay x_{2} for work/service x_{3} (activity). Also x_{2} earnings, reward (= zanseljerna or nemjerna), punishment/comeuppance (= sfaseljerna, malseljerna); x_{3} behavior; job (= terjerna); x_{2} may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyjerna, posyseljerna for unambiguous semantics). See also jibri, pleji, vecnu, cnemu, canja, jdima, jinga, prali, sfasa, janta, kargu, vamji.


jinga
gismu rafsi: jig ji'a x_{1} (person/team) wins/gains prize x_{2} from/over x_{3} [competitors/losers] in competition x_{4}. Also: x_{1} is a victor; x_{2} reward; x_{3} competitors here are opponents and in many situations, defeated/losers, vs. the set of those competing for a goal; x_{2} may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyji'a, posyselji'a for unambiguous semantics). See also cirko, jivna, talsa, cnemu, prali, pleji, sfasa, jdima, jerna, bradi, kargu, kelci.


kamre
experimental gismu x_{1} is a x_{2} (li; number) of x_{3} in dimension/aspect x_{4} (default units) Generic form of the SI prefixes and the like. Called "metric prefix" (with lowercase "m" in "metric") because the metric (measure system) is not defined (in particular, to be decimal and in accordance with protoSI standards). See also: namcrgogolo/kamrngogolo, kacmre, zilkacmre, kancu, merli, radno, stero, molro, gradu, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.


masnpa
fu'ivla x_{1} (event/state) is in the first month/January of a year x_{2} in system x_{3}. lo masnpa = lo se ma'irdetri be li pa. ex.) lo nu ti noi xrula cu preja cu masnpa ro nanca la gregoris (These flowers bloom in January every year in system Gregorian.) / mi'a vitke fi lo tersla noi masnpa (We will attend a party on January.) See also detri, detke'u, masti; masnpa, masnre, masnci, masnvo, masnmu, masnxa, masnze, masnbi, masnso, masndau, masnfei, masngai, masnjau, masnrei or masnxei, masnvai.


pacna
gismu rafsi: pa'a x_{1} hopes/wishes for/desires x_{2} (event), expected likelihood x_{3} (01); x_{1} hopes that x_{2} happens. Also: x_{1} is hopeful of x_{2}; x_{2} will hopefully occur, as hoped for by x_{1}; the value of x_{3} is a subjective estimate of likeliness according to x_{1}, and is the basic determinant of whether pacna means 'hope' or 'wish' or 'expect': hoping for objects/states with negligible expectation is "wishing"; if the state is plausibly likely, it is "hoping"; when the probability is subjectively near 1, the attitude is described as "expecting"; the value will usually be expressed using inexact numbers ("li piso'u" to "li piro"); wish (= sotpa'a), hope (= sorpa'a), expect (= sojypa'a). See also djica.


pleji
gismu rafsi: lej le'i x_{1} pays/compensates/remunerates/[rewards] payment x_{2} to recipient/payee x_{3} for goods/services x_{4}. Also x_{4} commodities; x_{4} may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posle'i, posyvelyle'i for unambiguous semantics); rent (= jerle'i, lejyjbera). (cf. canja, cnemu, friti, kargu, vecnu, jdima, prali, jerna, sfasa, dunda, jinga, dapma; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, cirko, dirba)


praperi
fu'ivla x_{1} is a strict/proper subx_{2} [structure] in/of x_{3}; x_{2} is a structure and x_{1} and x_{3} are both examples of that structure x_{2} such that x_{1} is entirely contained within x_{3} (where containment is defined according to the standard/characteristics/definition of x_{2}; but in any case, no member/part/element that belongs to x_{1} does not also belong to x_{3}) but there is some member/part/element of x_{3} that does not belong to x_{1} in the same way. If x2 is a (sub)set, then x1 is a proper subset of x3; if x2 is a mathematical/algebraic (sub)group, then x1 is a proper subgroup of x3; etc. Can also be used for describing proper sublakes (such as Lake Michigan), proper superselma'o, and other nonmathmetical usages. x3 is a proper superx2 of/with x1. Biological taxa, if comparable, are usually/hypothetically proper. See also: klesi, cmeta.


samjavyfonxypliduskemjuglerci'analka'ebi'ojaxyja'e
lujvo x_{1} becomes incapable of writing characters x_{2} of alphabet/writing system x_{3}, which is reflects chinese culture/languge/etc. in aspect x_{4} and which represent x_{5}, on writing surface/medium x_{6} with writing implement x_{7} under conditions of being incapable x_{8} under conditions of becoming incapable x_{9}, as a result of x_{1} making excessive use of x_{10} which is a computer for purpose x_{11} or x_{12} which is a phone connected to network x_{13}, used for purpose x_{14}, excessive by amount x_{15}. The two "under conditions" places arise from the incorporation of both kakne and binxo. They are not to be confused. Ilmen inspired the creation of this lujvo.


slabu
gismu rafsi: sau x_{1} is old/familiar/wellknown to observer x_{2} in feature x_{3} (ka) by standard x_{4}. This can cover both meanings of old. Old in years, i.e. age, can be conveyed through x_{2} = the world, life, existence (= loi nu zasti); in usage this has been a common default for ellipsis. However slabu is not the opposite of 'young' (= nalci'o, tolci'o), but the opposite of 'new' (= tolni'o); also ancient (= tcesau), age (= nilsau); x_{2} is used to x_{1} (= selsau for reordered places); historic/historical (= cirsau, cirselcedra; also vaipru). (cf. clani, citno, cnino, se djuno; not the opposite of citno, djuno)


tairmlunra
fu'ivla x1 is the conceptualized/ideal/abstract shape of a crescent/concave 'horned' (then convex rounded) form/geometric partiallyconcave lune formed by/manifested from the intersection x2 (parameters) of twodimensional circular disks immersed (embedded) in geometry/defined by metric x3 x2 can explicate any relevant characteristics and parameters that describe the intersection of the twodimensional circular disks, such as: the radii of the circular disks, the relative location of their centers/perimeters, the direction in which the 'horns' of the crescent are facing. The shape is itself twodimensional, but may be immersed/embedded in a greaterdimensional space or in a nonEuclidean metric (such as Manhattan space or spherical geometry); due to some ambiguity in naming of the shape in spherical geometry (confer: lens/tairbagycukykruca), other words are probably preferred for the area bounded by intersecting great circles in such a context (see: spherical great digon, Zweieck). The lune in this sense is a "filled area": it is a disk less an intersection (with another disk). See also: cuktai, tairjirnycukykruca, tairbagycukykruca, tarmi, simlu, mluni, lunra, plini


tcaxe
experimental gismu x_{1} (object) has charge x_{2} (number) in units x_{3} for interaction/of type x_{4} and in/by/using convention x_{5} Generic type of charge; individual charges tend to be scalars. For electromagnetism, the meaning of a "positive charge" is either the signum of the charge of an electron for electricity or the signum of the charge of a south magnet for magnetism. Includes mass (gravitation charge (gavytcaxe) if it is being treated as such; x2 default: ma'u), electric charge (dicmytcaxe), (strong) isospin, weak isospin, color charge (Quantum Chromodynamics; tsabytcaxe), intrinsic spin/DiracPauli charge, most quantum numbers (lepton number, baryon number), etc. See also: majga, dikca, eldicka'u, kuardicka'u, paulcna, plankexu, grake.


terpanryziltolju'i
lujvo x1=j2=p3 (ka; jo'u/fa'u term) is the minor difference in/between x2=p2 and x3=p1 that is to be ignored, their similarity being by standard/in geometry x4; x2 is the same as/similar to/parallels x3 in standard/geometry x4 up to/modulo/except for/ignoring unimportant difference x1; x1 is not the focus of the main consideration concerning the similarity between x2 and x3; x2 belongs to/is an element of the same equivalence class as x3, which depends on x4 in some way and which ignores the property x1. For example, tetrominoes "L" and "7" are similar up to the unimportant property of 90degree rotation; thus: loka carna keiku ly terpanryziltolju'i zebu loka mapti. x2 and x3 are symmetric; while with panra, x1 (which is x3 in terpanryziltolju'i) is possibly of importance/focus/attention, for terpanryziltolju'i, x2 is. Additionally, lo panra and lo se panra are identical, therefore conversion under te does not affect the x2 and x3 positions of panra, so the overall structure does not need to have undergone an additional conversion. See: panra, klesi, panrykle, panryzilbri


ti'ormanku
lujvo x_{1}=m_{1} is shadedarkened/has shadow x_{2}=c_{1} cast upon it by obfuscating/blocking/(at least semi)opaque object x_{3}=c_{2} from energy/light/transmission source x_{4}=c_{3}; x_{2} is the shadoweclipse caste upon x_{1} by x_{3}, blocking radiation from x_{4} Possible uses include (but are not limited to) lunarstyle eclipses in which the eclipsed object (as seen from another object) is not physically blocked from sight by yet another object but is shaded from sight by the shadow cast upon it by some object (possibly the one from which the eclipse is viewed). There is no real physical difference between this and a solarstyle eclipse (both rely on linear alignment of bodies), but the chosen vantage point varies among them and thus causes different interpretations of the same phenomenon of alignment. In other words, it is an eclipse in which the eclipsed object is viewed to be darkened by a shadow (caste upon it by some object) with no significant blocking/impeding body physically betwixt the eclipsed object and the object from which viewing of the eclipse occurs.


turni
gismu rafsi: tru x_{1} governs/rules/is ruler/governor/sovereign/reigns over people/territory/domain/subjects x_{2}. x_{2} need not be complete specification of set of governed; reign/rule (= noltru); king/queen/sovereign (= nolraitru); pure democracy (= roltrusi'o), representative democracy (= rolka'itrusi'o), viceroy (= ka'itru), pure communism (= kaurpo'esi'o), board of directors/trustees, steering committee (= trukamni); government (= trugunma, trugri (emphasizing the components), truci'e (emphasizing the organization)). See also catni, minde, tutra, jecta, gugde, ponse, jitro.
