lojbo jufsisku
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experimental cmavo permutation cycle writer notation start Basically like jo'i, but for cycles. Use boi in order to separate terms. Terminated by tei'u. In this notation, each term maps to the the subsequent term as read from left to right or heard in chronological order of utterance; the last term (immediately before tei'u) maps to the first term. The object constructed is a cyclic permutation, a group element. The singleton cycle is identity on that term. It can be applied to a single element among its terms or may left group act upon a set or structure, or an element if the application is not directly upon it (such as when the application is to an index or variable of that element). Permutations are composed when viewed from outside of their group structure and have the group operator act upon them when within that context. The transposition (1 2) is expressed as ' li ja'oi pa boi re tei'u '. See also: tei'u, ma'o'e, gu'ai, ru'ei, fa'ai.
fu'ivla x1 (event/state) is on Monday or the first day of a week x2 in system x3. lo jednpa = lo se jefydeidetri be li pa. ex.) lo nu sanga ctuca mi cu jednpa ro loi re jeftu la gregoris (It's on Monday of every two weeks that I learn singing.) / mi'a kansa lo nunjmaji noi jednpa lo bavlamjeftu (We will attend the meeting on Monday of next week.) See also detri, detke'u, jeftu; jednpa, jednre, jednci, jednvo, jednmu, jednxa, jednze, jednbi, jednso, jedndau, jednfei, jedngai, jednjau, jednrei or jednxei, jednvai.
gismu x1 (agent/person) earns/[deserves/merits] wages/salary/pay x2 for work/service x3 (activity). Also x2 earnings, reward (= zanseljerna or nemjerna), punishment/comeuppance (= sfaseljerna, malseljerna); x3 behavior; job (= terjerna); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyjerna, posyseljerna for unambiguous semantics). See also jibri, pleji, vecnu, cnemu, canja, jdima, jinga, prali, sfasa, janta, kargu, vamji.
gismu rafsi: jig ji'a x1 (person/team) wins/gains prize x2 from/over x3 [competitors/losers] in competition x4. Also: x1 is a victor; x2 reward; x3 competitors here are opponents and in many situations, defeated/losers, vs. the set of those competing for a goal; x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyji'a, posyselji'a for unambiguous semantics). See also cirko, jivna, talsa, cnemu, prali, pleji, sfasa, jdima, jerna, bradi, kargu, kelci.
experimental gismu x1 is a x2 (li; number) of x3 in dimension/aspect x4 (default units) Generic form of the SI prefixes and the like. Called "metric prefix" (with lowercase "m" in "metric") because the metric (measure system) is not defined (in particular, to be decimal and in accordance with proto-SI standards). See also: namcrgogolo/kamrngogolo, kacmre, zilkacmre, kancu, merli, radno, stero, molro, gradu, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.
fu'ivla x1 (event/state) is in the first month/January of a year x2 in system x3. lo masnpa = lo se ma'irdetri be li pa. ex.) lo nu ti noi xrula cu preja cu masnpa ro nanca la gregoris (These flowers bloom in January every year in system Gregorian.) / mi'a vitke fi lo tersla noi masnpa (We will attend a party on January.) See also detri, detke'u, masti; masnpa, masnre, masnci, masnvo, masnmu, masnxa, masnze, masnbi, masnso, masndau, masnfei, masngai, masnjau, masnrei or masnxei, masnvai.
gismu rafsi: pa'a x1 hopes/wishes for/desires x2 (event), expected likelihood x3 (0-1); x1 hopes that x2 happens. Also: x1 is hopeful of x2; x2 will hopefully occur, as hoped for by x1; the value of x3 is a subjective estimate of likeliness according to x1, and is the basic determinant of whether pacna means 'hope' or 'wish' or 'expect': hoping for objects/states with negligible expectation is "wishing"; if the state is plausibly likely, it is "hoping"; when the probability is subjectively near 1, the attitude is described as "expecting"; the value will usually be expressed using inexact numbers ("li piso'u" to "li piro"); wish (= sotpa'a), hope (= sorpa'a), expect (= sojypa'a). See also djica.
gismu rafsi: lej le'i x1 pays/compensates/remunerates/[rewards] payment x2 to recipient/payee x3 for goods/services x4. Also x4 commodities; x4 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posle'i, posyvelyle'i for unambiguous semantics); rent (= jerle'i, lejyjbera). (cf. canja, cnemu, friti, kargu, vecnu, jdima, prali, jerna, sfasa, dunda, jinga, dapma; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, cirko, dirba)
fu'ivla x1 is a strict/proper sub-x2 [structure] in/of x3; x2 is a structure and x1 and x3 are both examples of that structure x2 such that x1 is entirely contained within x3 (where containment is defined according to the standard/characteristics/definition of x2; but in any case, no member/part/element that belongs to x1 does not also belong to x3) but there is some member/part/element of x3 that does not belong to x1 in the same way. If x2 is a (sub)set, then x1 is a proper subset of x3; if x2 is a mathematical/algebraic (sub)group, then x1 is a proper subgroup of x3; etc. Can also be used for describing proper sub-lakes (such as Lake Michigan), proper super-selma'o, and other non-mathmetical usages. x3 is a proper super-x2 of/with x1. Biological taxa, if comparable, are usually/hypothetically proper. See also: klesi, cmeta.
lujvo x1 becomes incapable of writing characters x2 of alphabet/writing system x3, which is reflects chinese culture/languge/etc. in aspect x4 and which represent x5, on writing surface/medium x6 with writing implement x7 under conditions of being incapable x8 under conditions of becoming incapable x9, as a result of x1 making excessive use of x10 which is a computer for purpose x11 or x12 which is a phone connected to network x13, used for purpose x14, excessive by amount x15. The two "under conditions" places arise from the incorporation of both kakne and binxo. They are not to be confused. Ilmen inspired the creation of this lujvo.
gismu rafsi: sau x1 is old/familiar/well-known to observer x2 in feature x3 (ka) by standard x4. This can cover both meanings of old. Old in years, i.e. age, can be conveyed through x2 = the world, life, existence (= loi nu zasti); in usage this has been a common default for ellipsis. However slabu is not the opposite of 'young' (= nalci'o, tolci'o), but the opposite of 'new' (= tolni'o); also ancient (= tcesau), age (= nilsau); x2 is used to x1 (= selsau for reordered places); historic/historical (= cirsau, cirselcedra; also vaipru). (cf. clani, citno, cnino, se djuno; not the opposite of citno, djuno)
fu'ivla x1 is the conceptualized/ideal/abstract shape of a crescent/concave 'horned' (then convex rounded) form/geometric partially-concave lune formed by/manifested from the intersection x2 (parameters) of two-dimensional circular disks immersed (embedded) in geometry/defined by metric x3 x2 can explicate any relevant characteristics and parameters that describe the intersection of the two-dimensional circular disks, such as: the radii of the circular disks, the relative location of their centers/perimeters, the direction in which the 'horns' of the crescent are facing. The shape is itself two-dimensional, but may be immersed/embedded in a greater-dimensional space or in a non-Euclidean metric (such as Manhattan space or spherical geometry); due to some ambiguity in naming of the shape in spherical geometry (confer: lens/tairbagycukykruca), other words are probably preferred for the area bounded by intersecting great circles in such a context (see: spherical great digon, Zweieck). The lune in this sense is a "filled area": it is a disk less an intersection (with another disk). See also: cuktai, tairjirnycukykruca, tairbagycukykruca, tarmi, simlu, mluni, lunra, plini
experimental gismu x1 (object) has charge x2 (number) in units x3 for interaction/of type x4 and in/by/using convention x5 Generic type of charge; individual charges tend to be scalars. For electromagnetism, the meaning of a "positive charge" is either the signum of the charge of an electron for electricity or the signum of the charge of a south magnet for magnetism. Includes mass (gravitation charge (gavytcaxe) if it is being treated as such; x2 default: ma'u), electric charge (dicmytcaxe), (strong) isospin, weak isospin, color charge (Quantum Chromodynamics; tsabytcaxe), intrinsic spin/Dirac-Pauli charge, most quantum numbers (lepton number, baryon number), etc. See also: majga, dikca, eldicka'u, kuardicka'u, paulcna, plankexu, grake.
lujvo x1=j2=p3 (ka; jo'u/fa'u term) is the minor difference in/between x2=p2 and x3=p1 that is to be ignored, their similarity being by standard/in geometry x4; x2 is the same as/similar to/parallels x3 in standard/geometry x4 up to/modulo/except for/ignoring unimportant difference x1; x1 is not the focus of the main consideration concerning the similarity between x2 and x3; x2 belongs to/is an element of the same equivalence class as x3, which depends on x4 in some way and which ignores the property x1. For example, tetrominoes "L" and "7" are similar up to the unimportant property of 90-degree rotation; thus: loka carna keiku ly terpanryziltolju'i zebu loka mapti. x2 and x3 are symmetric; while with panra, x1 (which is x3 in terpanryziltolju'i) is possibly of importance/focus/attention, for terpanryziltolju'i, x2 is. Additionally, lo panra and lo se panra are identical, therefore conversion under te does not affect the x2 and x3 positions of panra, so the overall structure does not need to have undergone an additional conversion. See: panra, klesi, panrykle, panryzilbri
lujvo x1=m1 is shade-darkened/has shadow x2=c1 cast upon it by obfuscating/blocking/(at least semi-)opaque object x3=c2 from energy/light/transmission source x4=c3; x2 is the shadow-eclipse caste upon x1 by x3, blocking radiation from x4 Possible uses include (but are not limited to) lunar-style eclipses in which the eclipsed object (as seen from another object) is not physically blocked from sight by yet another object but is shaded from sight by the shadow cast upon it by some object (possibly the one from which the eclipse is viewed). There is no real physical difference between this and a solar-style eclipse (both rely on linear alignment of bodies), but the chosen vantage point varies among them and thus causes different interpretations of the same phenomenon of alignment. In other words, it is an eclipse in which the eclipsed object is viewed to be darkened by a shadow (caste upon it by some object) with no significant blocking/impeding body physically betwixt the eclipsed object and the object from which viewing of the eclipse occurs.
gismu rafsi: tru x1 governs/rules/is ruler/governor/sovereign/reigns over people/territory/domain/subjects x2. x2 need not be complete specification of set of governed; reign/rule (= noltru); king/queen/sovereign (= nolraitru); pure democracy (= roltrusi'o), representative democracy (= rolka'itrusi'o), viceroy (= ka'itru), pure communism (= kaurpo'esi'o), board of directors/trustees, steering committee (= trukamni); government (= trugunma, trugri (emphasizing the components), truci'e (emphasizing the organization)). See also catni, minde, tutra, jecta, gugde, ponse, jitro.