lojbo jufsisku
Lojban sentence search

Total: 17 result(s)
cnemu
gismu rafsi: nem ne'u x1 (agent) rewards x2 [recipient] for atypical x3 (event/property) with reward/desserts x4. Differs from earned payment because of atypical nature; rewards need not be positive but are in some sense deserved from the point of view of the rewarder: positive reward (= zanyne'u), punishment, penalty, demerit (= malne'u, sfane'u); x4 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posne'u, posyvelne'u for unambiguous semantics). See also dunda, friti, jerna, jinga, jivna, pleji, sfasa, venfu, prali, dapma.
mi ba cnemu do
I'll reward you.
pu ba'o cnemu fe ko'a lo ka xendo no da
She got nothing in reward for her kindness.
mi pu cnemu le gerku lo ka bevri lo grana lo ka dunda lo sakta le gerku
I rewarded the dog for bringing the stick by giving it sugar.
malne'u
lujvo n1 (agent) punishes n2 [recipient] for atypical n3 (event/property) with punishment/penalty/demerit n4. It’s a interpreted as a punishment according m3. See also sfane'u, mabla, cnemu.
si'irvelne'u
lujvo s1=c1 is a medal for c2 given for atypical c3 (event/property) by c4. As in cnemu, a positive/negative connotation is not implied. See also: ve.
venfu
gismu rafsi: vef x1 takes revenge on/retaliates against x2 (person) for wrong x3 (nu) with vengeance x4 (nu). Also avenge; (adjective:) x1 is vengeful. See also sfasa, cnemu.
sfane'u
lujvo n1=s1 (agent) punishes n2=s2 [recipient] for atypical infraction n3=s3 (event/state/action) with punishment n4=s4. Notes: The main difference to sfasa is that the infraction must be atypical. See also malne'u, cnemu.
dapma
gismu rafsi: dap x1 curses/damns/condemns x2 to fate (event) x3. Curse with a specific expression (= dapsku). See also mabla, dimna, cnemu, sfasa, dunda, cusku, cirko, jdima, di'ai.
jivna
gismu rafsi: jvi x1 competes/vies with opponent x2 in contest/competition x3 (event) for gain x4; x1 rivals x2. Also x2 opponent(s), competitor(s), rival(s); x3 competition, race; x4 prize, reward, recognition (gain may be internal or external). See also cnemu, jinga, talsa, bradi, fapro, kelci.
friti
gismu rafsi: fit x1 offers/proffers x2 [offering] to x3 with conditions x4. (x4 may be nu canja, nu pleji, etc.; an unconditional offering has the 'condition' of acceptance); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posfriti, posyselfriti for unambiguous semantics). See also canja, dunda, rinsa, vecnu, jdima, cnemu, pleji, vitke.
prali
gismu rafsi: pal x1 is a profit/gain/benefit/advantage to x2 accruing/resulting from activity/process x3. Also (fe) x2 profits from x3 (= selterprali for reordered places); x1 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= selposprali for unambiguous semantics). See also vecnu, cnemu, pleji, jinga, canja, sfasa, jerna, jdima, dunda, zivle.
sfasa
gismu rafsi: sfa x1 (agent) punishes x2 for infraction x3 (event/state/action) with punishment x4 (event/state). Also chastise, castigate, chasten, discipline, correct (one sense); also x4 penalty. See also cnemu, pleji, venfu, zekri, canja, dunda, jdima, jerna, kargu, prali, dapma, cirko, jinga.
dunda
gismu rafsi: dud du'a x1 [donor] gives/donates gift/present x2 to recipient/beneficiary x3 [without payment/exchange]. Also grants; x3 is a receiver (= terdu'a for reordered places); the Lojban doesn't distinguish between or imply possession transfer or sharing; x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posydu'a, posyseldu'a for unambiguous semantics). See also benji, muvdu, canja, pleji, vecnu, friti, sfasa, dapma, cnemu, prali.
jerna
gismu x1 (agent/person) earns/[deserves/merits] wages/salary/pay x2 for work/service x3 (activity). Also x2 earnings, reward (= zanseljerna or nemjerna), punishment/comeuppance (= sfaseljerna, malseljerna); x3 behavior; job (= terjerna); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyjerna, posyseljerna for unambiguous semantics). See also jibri, pleji, vecnu, cnemu, canja, jdima, jinga, prali, sfasa, janta, kargu, vamji.
jinga
gismu rafsi: jig ji'a x1 (person/team) wins/gains prize x2 from/over x3 [competitors/losers] in competition x4. Also: x1 is a victor; x2 reward; x3 competitors here are opponents and in many situations, defeated/losers, vs. the set of those competing for a goal; x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyji'a, posyselji'a for unambiguous semantics). See also cirko, jivna, talsa, cnemu, prali, pleji, sfasa, jdima, jerna, bradi, kargu, kelci.