grafetu
fu'ivla x_{1} is the graph on vertices/nodes x_{2} (set) and edges x_{3} (set of ordered tuples of vertices in x_{2}) and with additional properties x_{4}. A "web"/"network". An element of x2 is a "place" in a more generic/abstract/metaphoric sense than spatial; must be discrete. Thus, webpages, family diagrams, lattices, pages in a book, cities and roadways on a map, etc. constitute graphs. x1 also includes trees. Notice that both x2 and x3 are sets; an element of x3 is an ordered pair/2tuple, but the order does not matter unless x1 is oriented, in which case the edge runs from the first node in the tuple to the second node in the tuple. x4 can include defining features, weights, etc. Equivalent to grafu (which is merely the gismu form of this word); very similar to tcana.


grafu
experimental gismu x_{1} is the graph on vertices/nodes x_{2} (set) and edges x_{3} (set of ordered tuples of vertices in x_{2}) and with additional properties x_{4}. A "web"/"network". An element of x2 is a "place" in a more generic/abstract/metaphoric sense than spatial; must be discrete. Thus, webpages, family diagrams, lattices, pages in a book, cities and roadways on a map, etc. constitute graphs. x1 also includes trees. Notice that both x2 and x3 are sets; a member of x3 is an orderedmember of x3 is an ordered tuple, but the order only matters if x1 is oriented, in which case the edge connects from the first node in the tuple to the second node in the tuple (there should only be two entries in the tuple) tuple, but the order only matters if x1 is oriented, in which case the edge connects from the first node in the tuple to the second node in the tuple (there should only be two entries in the tuple). x4 can include defining features, weights, etc. Equivalent to grafetu (which is merely the fu'ivla form of this word); very similar to tcana.


incita
fu'ivla x_{1} (text) is an adposition expressing relation x_{2} (property of nonce place, has places for ce'u referring to members of x_{3}) and connecting members of the set x_{3} (ordered group of text) The first member of x_{3} is what follows after the adposition (unless co is used) and is usually called 'complement' or 'argument'. The second member of x_{3} can sometimes be called 'noun phrase of adposition'; it can e.g. be the current clause (lo bridi), x_{1} of it, x_{2} of it etc. x_{3} doesn't need to represent the full specification, only the first member can be specified. To specify both members ce'o can be used. See also bridi, sumti, sumtcita


jednpa
fu'ivla x_{1} (event/state) is on Monday or the first day of a week x_{2} in system x_{3}. lo jednpa = lo se jefydeidetri be li pa. ex.) lo nu sanga ctuca mi cu jednpa ro loi re jeftu la gregoris (It's on Monday of every two weeks that I learn singing.) / mi'a kansa lo nunjmaji noi jednpa lo bavlamjeftu (We will attend the meeting on Monday of next week.) See also detri, detke'u, jeftu; jednpa, jednre, jednci, jednvo, jednmu, jednxa, jednze, jednbi, jednso, jedndau, jednfei, jedngai, jednjau, jednrei or jednxei, jednvai.


jvinjiata
obsolete fu'ivla x_{1} is the IATA (International Air Transport Association) designation/result/standard/code for general subject type x_{2} (contextless default probably: airports) applied to specific case/entity/procedure/group/hub/terminus/location x_{3} according to rule/IATA specification/publication x_{4} published by/according to mandating organization x_{5} (default: IATA) x1 need not be a namedesignation/code (it could be the result of any rule), although it likely will commonly be so. Possible examples of x2filling sumti include: the code designated to name certain (international) airports, codeshared railway stations, and separate Amtrak (railway) stations, etc.. x3 is probably outlined by IATA Resolution 763, but the exact publication of the IATA Airline Coding Directory could also be specified. For an airport (generalized)/hub that has such a specification, use {te jvinjiata} or {te se jvinjiata} (using the appropriate terbri for specifying the type of hub: tebri j2); for IATA, consider using {xe jvinjiata}. See also: jviso, jvinjica'o.


kerfrcampu
fu'ivla x_{1} (quantity) is a hair cleaning/care/maintenance/styling substance/product for purpose x_{2} of composition x_{3}; x_{1} is a quantity of hair product This word is something of an u'ivla. Not restricted to only shampoo (hair cleaning product); can include (but is not limited to): shampoo, conditioner, hair mousse/gel, hair replenisher/grower (for baldness), hair coloring dye, hair styling spray, and even shaving cream/foam; however, it should be a tool/substance applied to hair semipermanently, rather than applied to it only initially in order to modify it for later (such as a crimper, curler, etc.)—in other words, kerfrcampu remains with the hair or is scrubbed in and then washed out in order to function. Hair need not be human, of the top of the head, or even "real"/biological/belonging to the individual in question—these characteristics may be specified by x_{2}. See also krevelylu'i; campu for gismu version of same word.


latmnroma
fu'ivla x_{1} reflects Roman culture/nation/geography/language/histoury in asect x_{2} prior to any divisions. x_{1} pertains to the Roman city/citystate/kingdom/Republic/Empire (prior to division). From a Roman citizen's point of view, emphasizes and centres on Rome (the city) itself  if applied to something outside of nearby Italy, such usage would always connote a directed relationship with Rome/Italy; modern usage is perhaps slightly freer. Culturally and in many ways socially, economically, etc., Eastern and Western Rome were quite intricately related and interconnected and similar at first; usage of this word within a context of the divisions would emphasize its umbrella/general scope (possibly for the sake of contrast as much as for displaying similarity or treating everyone with equal footing/care/at once). See also: latmo, latmrbizanto, latmrstici, latmrfriko, xelso, kartapuno


masnpa
fu'ivla x_{1} (event/state) is in the first month/January of a year x_{2} in system x_{3}. lo masnpa = lo se ma'irdetri be li pa. ex.) lo nu ti noi xrula cu preja cu masnpa ro nanca la gregoris (These flowers bloom in January every year in system Gregorian.) / mi'a vitke fi lo tersla noi masnpa (We will attend a party on January.) See also detri, detke'u, masti; masnpa, masnre, masnci, masnvo, masnmu, masnxa, masnze, masnbi, masnso, masndau, masnfei, masngai, masnjau, masnrei or masnxei, masnvai.


praperi
fu'ivla x_{1} is a strict/proper subx_{2} [structure] in/of x_{3}; x_{2} is a structure and x_{1} and x_{3} are both examples of that structure x_{2} such that x_{1} is entirely contained within x_{3} (where containment is defined according to the standard/characteristics/definition of x_{2}; but in any case, no member/part/element that belongs to x_{1} does not also belong to x_{3}) but there is some member/part/element of x_{3} that does not belong to x_{1} in the same way. If x2 is a (sub)set, then x1 is a proper subset of x3; if x2 is a mathematical/algebraic (sub)group, then x1 is a proper subgroup of x3; etc. Can also be used for describing proper sublakes (such as Lake Michigan), proper superselma'o, and other nonmathmetical usages. x3 is a proper superx2 of/with x1. Biological taxa, if comparable, are usually/hypothetically proper. See also: klesi, cmeta.


remrnunmu
fu'ivla x_{1} is a nonbinarygendered humanoid person [not necessarily adult] Umbrella term for any nonman nonwoman (in some aspect/consideration/standard) humanoid person; possibly includes: transgenders, people of no gender/sex, people of indeterminate gender/sex, hermaphrodites, intersexed people, bisexuals (one sense), possibly people with sex chromosomes other than (specifically and fully) XX or XY, and anyone who does not subscribe to or fit within the strict gender/sex binary (of a given society). As such, it is a specification of rempre/remna/prenu coequal with ninmu and nanmu; it generalized some of the aforementioned cases. Word dispreferred in metaphor/example as sexist; use instead remna or prenu. See also: ninmu, nanmu, remna, prenu, makcu, bersa, tixnu, nakni, fetsi, dinti, nanla, nixli, verba, vepre


salrixo
fu'ivla x_{1} is the differintegral of x_{2} with respect to x_{3} of order x_{4} with starting point x_{5} Definition of which differintegral operator is being used is context dependent. Output x1 is a function, not a value (that is, it is f rather than f(x)); it must be specified/restricted to a value in order to be a value. x2 is likewise a function. If the function has only one variable, x3 defaults to that variable; when x2 is physical, without context, time will probably usually be assumed as the default of x3 (but may be made explicit by {temci zei salrixo}). Positive values of x4 are integrals, negative values are derivatives, and zero is identity; at the least, any real value may be supplied for x4; x4 has no default value. Useful for making lujvo for physics, for specifying career/total/sum versus peak/instantaneous value, for distinguishing between instantaneous versus average values/quantities, for specifying rates, etc. See also: salri (synonymous gismu).


tairmlunra
fu'ivla x1 is the conceptualized/ideal/abstract shape of a crescent/concave 'horned' (then convex rounded) form/geometric partiallyconcave lune formed by/manifested from the intersection x2 (parameters) of twodimensional circular disks immersed (embedded) in geometry/defined by metric x3 x2 can explicate any relevant characteristics and parameters that describe the intersection of the twodimensional circular disks, such as: the radii of the circular disks, the relative location of their centers/perimeters, the direction in which the 'horns' of the crescent are facing. The shape is itself twodimensional, but may be immersed/embedded in a greaterdimensional space or in a nonEuclidean metric (such as Manhattan space or spherical geometry); due to some ambiguity in naming of the shape in spherical geometry (confer: lens/tairbagycukykruca), other words are probably preferred for the area bounded by intersecting great circles in such a context (see: spherical great digon, Zweieck). The lune in this sense is a "filled area": it is a disk less an intersection (with another disk). See also: cuktai, tairjirnycukykruca, tairbagycukykruca, tarmi, simlu, mluni, lunra, plini


tcelerita
fu'ivla x_{1} (number; default: 1) is the physical speed supremum (for objects of positive masses)/celeritas/c_{0} expressed in units x_{2} (default: in terms of natural parameter c_{0}; id est: unitless/dimensionless and equal to 1) in (paradigm/system of) physics x_{3} (default: this, our actual. physical universe and reality); In the Newtonian model, for any finite nonzero units of spatial length and temporal duration, c0 is infinitely large. In the modern Relativistic/Einsteinian paradigm of physics, c0 is a finite positive number for any finite nonzero units of spatial length and temporal duration; thus, in such cases, we can set it equal to 1 (begin measuring in terms of percentage of c0) and gain scaled Relativistic results; by Maxwellian electromagnetism, c0 = 299792458 m/s. Notice the lack of reference to the speed of light and of media through which the wave/particle propagates. This is a physical constant of a universe; any entities of zero mass in a universe will propagate at c0 in an ideal perfect vacuum/classical free space  we just happen to name three such entities "light", "gravitation", and "the strong nuclear force". See also: plankexu, gravnutnoia, boltsemaku, avgadro, ocnerta.


pletomino
fu'ivla x1 is a polyform/polyplet/polyomino/polyabolo/polyiamond (etc.) composed of parts/'tile' polytope x2 arranged in (finite) unified shape/pattern x3 in ambient space x4 and subject to rules/restrictions/conditions x5 The number arrangement and rules may be as generic/vague as desired. The number of polytope 'tiles' used can be specified in the third of fifth terbri as desired; the polytopes used need not all be the same, nor regular, so long as the arrangement is meaningful and possible. One of the main differences between rectangular polyplets and polyominoes is that polyominoes cannot have their polytope tiles touching only at their vertices whereas polyplets can (thus, polyominoes are a subset of the rectangular polyplets); this difference can be specified in the final terbri. A tiling of a space may be considered to be an infinite polyform, but that is rather pathological and we can reasonably assume that polyforms referenced by this word will be finite. The polyform is considered to be a unified whole entity. The ambient space is usually going to be the Euclidean space of the same dimension as the polytopes (and the former dimension cannot be exceeded by the latter except in the marginal case of lowerdimensional (id est: hyperplanar) arrangements, in which case parallel crosssections are really being considered); this space determines the rigidmotion/symmetry isomorphisms of various polyforms (Z and S tetraminoes are nonisomorphic under rigidmotion in the Euclidean plane but are so isomorphic in Euclidean 3space). The ambient space also determines the expression of (and indeed the 'allowed') polytopes: spherical geometry allows for digons to be arranged so as to form a polyform, but Euclidean 2space prohibits such objects from the set of possible polygons. The default polytope will probably be a 2dimensional square; thus the default ambient space will likely be Euclidean 2space. See also: karda, korfaipletomino


ratniklesi
fu'ivla x_{1} is an atomic element in group x_{2} [usually, vertical column; denotes electron configuration and, thereby, chemical similarity with vertical neighbors] and period x_{3} [usually, horizontal row; denotes similarity in size with horizontal neighbors, as well as having the same number and type of electron shells as them] and belonging to other 'class'/'category'/'type'/having other properties x_{4} according to scheme/organization pattern/standard/periodic table x_{5}. Nongismu version of rakle. x4 can be any category of similar elements, such as (but not limited to): metals, conductors, gases (at STP), or those elements which obey some sort of pattern following certain atomic/physical/chemical characteristics (such as first iönization energy, stability of nucleus, abnormalities in electron configuration according to naïve expectations, etc.). Groups may (presently) be hard to name (or unsystematic in such) since the periodic table may be infinitely large such that it is equipped with an infinite number of groups between any two mutually nonidentical groups. For now, use cmevla or brivla for designating groups; optionally, pick a representative member of that group. Periods can be designated similarly or by number (counting by ones from one (being the period containing hydrogen)). See also: rakle, ratykle; ratni, klesi, navni, kliru, cidro, tabno, kijno, gapci, xukmi


tcanaba
fu'ivla x_{1} (node/vertex/station) is forward of/along from x_{2} in oriented graph x_{3} (graph with orientation) using oriented edge path x_{4} (ordered sequence of ordered pairs). The path from x_{2} to x_{1} runs along/is coparallel with/downstream of the orientation on x_{3} along path x_{4}. Orientation is given from/by x3, so only an edge need be submitted if x3 is fully specified; if x3 is not fully specified, x4 can take the burden of specifying the orientation and subgraph of particular interest (namely, the two vertices x1 and x2, intervening vertices along the path, and the orientation of the given edges connecting them). Note that on an unoriented edge or along a cycle, x1 and x2 might be able to exchange places and/or be equal one another. x4 is an ordered sequence of ordered pairs; the first entry of each pair is the origin node, the second pair is the destination node; the path should probably be connected (so that the destination node of one pair is the origin node of the next, except possibly if it is the last such pair). x1 is not necessarily next (id est: forward adjacent of/from) x2, but it can be. Useful for pages, webpages, family relationships, utterances, etc. See also: grafu, tcanaca, tcanapu.
