lojbo jufsisku
Lojban sentence search

Total: 1569 result(s)
rakle
experimental gismu x1 is an atomic element in group x2 [usually, vertical column; denotes electron configuration and, thereby, chemical similarity with vertical neighbors] and period x3 [usually, horizontal row; denotes similarity in size with horizontal neighbors, as well as having the same number and type of electron shells as them] and belonging to other 'class'/'category'/'type'/having other properties x4 according to scheme/organization pattern/standard/periodic table x5. x4 can be any category of similar elements, such as (but not limited to): metals, conductors, gases (at STP), or those elements which obey some sort of pattern following certain atomic/physical/chemical characteristics (such as first iönization energy, stability of nucleus, abnormalities in electron configuration according to naïve expectations, etc.). Groups may (presently) be hard to name (or unsystematic in such) since the periodic table may be infinitely large such that it is equipped with an infinite number of groups between any two mutually nonidentical groups. For now, use cmevla or brivla for designating groups; optionally, pick a representative member of that group. Periods can be designated similarly or by number (counting by ones from one (being the period containing hydrogen)). See also: ratykle, ratniklesi for non-gismu options; ratni, klesi, navni, kliru, cidro, tabno, kijno, gapci, xukmi
bitni
experimental gismu x1 is measured in x2 (number, default 1) bits/shannons (unit of data/information) of logarithmic base x3 (default 2) See skami, datni, bitnymei, baitni // Decimal prefixed forms (powers of 1000): ki'orbitni megbitni gigbitni tetybitni petybitni xexybitni zepybitni gotybitni // Binary prefixed forms (powers of 1024): kirbibitni merbibitni girbibitni terbibitni perbibitni xerbibitni zerbibitni gorbibitni // x3 is for defining units with bases other than 2, e.g. trits (bitnrci), nats (bitnrte'o), dits/bans/hartleys (bitnrdau)
cagna
experimental gismu x1 is an open/closed wound on locus x2 caused by x3. Unlike velxai, it's specific to physical injuries pertaining to the surface of an organic body such as skin. Open wounds include ka'arcagna for "incision / incised wound", fercagna for "laceration", gukcagna for "abrasion", tuncagna for "puncture wound", grecagna for "penetration wound", batcagna for "bite wound", dancagna for "gunshot wound", jelcagna for "burn", da'ercagna for "bedsore", furcagna for "necrosis"; closed wounds include daxcagna for "contusion/bruise", camdaxcagna for "hematoma", ra'ircagna for "chronic wound". The victim (the whole of the injured body) may be specified by joining it to the x2 with "po" or putting it directly on x2 with "tu'a".
canja
gismu rafsi: caj x1 exchanges/trades/barters commodity x2 for x3 with x4; x1, x4 is a trader/merchant/businessman. Also (adjective:) x1, x2, x4 is/are commercial (better expressed as ka canja, kamcanja). x2/x3 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event (possibly service), or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posycanja for unambiguous semantics); (cf. dunda, friti, vecnu, zarci, jdini, pleji, jdima, jerna, kargu; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, banxa, cirko, dunda, janta, kargu, prali, sfasa, zivle)
carmi
gismu rafsi: cam cai x1 is intense/bright/saturated/brilliant in property (ka) x2 as received/measured by observer x3. Also lustrous, gleaming, sparkling, shining (all probably better metaphorically combined with gusni: gusycai or camgu'i); in colors, refers principally to increased saturation (with opposite kandi). See also denmi, gusni, kandi, ruble, skari, tilju, tsali, mutce, blabi, blanu, bunre, cicna, crino, grusi, narju, nukni, pelxu, xekri, xunre, zirpu.
centi
gismu rafsi: cen x1 is a hundredth [1/100; 10^{-2}] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.
ciksi
gismu rafsi: cki x1 (person) explains x2 (event/state/property) to x3 with explanation x4 (du'u). Explanation x4 is an underlying mechanism/details/purpose/method for x2 (= velcki for reordered places), generally assumed to be non-obvious; metaphorical usage with the various causal relations (i.e. jalge, mukti, krinu, rinka, nibli, zukte) is possible, but the non-obviousness, and the existence of an explainer with a point of view makes this word not a simple expression of cause. See also cipra, danfu, jalge, jinvi, krinu, mukti, nabmi, preti, rinka, sidbo, zukte, tavla.
citsi
gismu x1 is a season/is seasonal [cyclical interval], defined by interval/property x2, of year(s) x3. Also anniversary (= citsydei, na'arcitsydei), jubilee (= mumnoncitsi); the period of time may be short or long as indicated by x2, and may occur every year or every nth year as indicated by x3 (default every year); (x2 and/or x3 may need metaphorical restriction: djecitsi, pavdeicitsi; also equinox, solstice, time of year. See also cedra, crisa, critu, dunra, ranji, temci, vensa, jbena.
cmeta
experimental gismu x1 is meta to/an example of x2 that describes such an object/concept/notion/system/topic/etc., being meta in property/aspect x3, and which has features x4, governed by/considered in system/considerations/epistemology/theory x5; x1 is meta (a particular type of abstraction of x2 so as to apply to itself in some sense); x1 is an/a piece of/an example of x2 that applies fractally thereto Does not (necessarily) mean "beyond", "after", "beside"; in some (rather pictoral) senses, these meanings may be necessary but not sufficient for being meta in this sense; thus, "metaphysics" should not be translated using this word. x1 is an object, notion, topic, system, etc. which applies to x2 but which is itself an example thereof; for example, the meanings of the words "metalinguistics" and "metadata" are meta in this sense. It is not necessarily directly self-referential, but could be fractally applicative. x1 is an X that is about (another) X; x1 is an abstraction of X so as to apply to X. x1 does not necessarily abstract [from] (in one sense), but is abstract to, x2. See also: xulta (generalized/weaker), sucta.
cnemu
gismu rafsi: nem ne'u x1 (agent) rewards x2 [recipient] for atypical x3 (event/property) with reward/desserts x4. Differs from earned payment because of atypical nature; rewards need not be positive but are in some sense deserved from the point of view of the rewarder: positive reward (= zanyne'u), punishment, penalty, demerit (= malne'u, sfane'u); x4 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posne'u, posyvelne'u for unambiguous semantics). See also dunda, friti, jerna, jinga, jivna, pleji, sfasa, venfu, prali, dapma.
dekpu
gismu x1 is x2 (default 1) local volume unit(s) [non-metric; e.g. bushel], standard x3, x4 subunits. Gallon (= likydekpu), quart (= likseldekpu), barrel (wet = likybradekpu, dry = sudbradekpu), bushel (= sudydekpu), peck (= sudyseldekpu), cupful (= kabrydekpu), tablespoon (= mucydekpu); teaspoon (= mucyxeldekpu); (all of these lujvo may need gic- to distinguish the English measurement system in contrasting with some local system; the English system is otherwise presumed to be the default non-metric system). (additional subunit places may be added as x5, x6, ...); See also canlu, litce, rupnu, fepni, gutci, minli, merli, bunda, kramu.
dekto
gismu rafsi: dek x1 is ten [10; 10^1] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro
digno
experimental gismu x1 is aligned diagonally along/between nonadjacent vertices x2 as in polytope x3; x1 is a diagonal line segment/linear manifold of lower dimension as viewed in frame of reference x3; x1 is crooked (one sense), skew (one sense, see notes), off-kilter (one sense), away from center/off-center, non-orthogonal/not perpendicular nor parallel, at an angle, perhaps non-vertical and non-horizontal, diagonal to x2 in figure/coordinate system x3. Not for use in: entries of tensors/matrices (confer: daigno), certain geometric meanings (such as with Cartesian products), etc. Only for purely 'visual' geometric objects/figures/frames. The polytope in question need not actually be 'drawn'; an oriented frame of reference naturally 'projects' a polytopic sense onto all objects. x1 can be any linear manifold of lower dimension than the space in which it is embedded (defined by x3). The skewness is not relative to another linear manifold in some higher-dimensional space (the usual definition of "skew" in geometry) - it is simply a skewness (in a layperson sense) relative to points in a figure or axis in a coordinate system. Proposed by Gleki.
djuno
gismu rafsi: jun ju'o x1 knows fact(s) x2 (du'u) about subject x3 by epistemology x4. Words usable for epistemology typically have a du'u place; know how to - implying knowledge of method but not necessarily having the ability to practice (= tadjyju'o). (cf. know/familiar with: se slabu, na'e cnino, na'e fange). See also cmavo list du'o, krici, jinvi, cilre, certu, facki, jijnu, jimpe, senpi, smadi, kakne, birti, mipri, morji, saske, viska.
dunda
gismu rafsi: dud du'a x1 [donor] gives/donates gift/present x2 to recipient/beneficiary x3 [without payment/exchange]. Also grants; x3 is a receiver (= terdu'a for reordered places); the Lojban doesn't distinguish between or imply possession transfer or sharing; x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posydu'a, posyseldu'a for unambiguous semantics). See also benji, muvdu, canja, pleji, vecnu, friti, sfasa, dapma, cnemu, prali.
femti
gismu rafsi: fem x1 is 10^{-15} of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro