rakle
experimental gismu x_{1} is an atomic element in group x_{2} [usually, vertical column; denotes electron configuration and, thereby, chemical similarity with vertical neighbors] and period x_{3} [usually, horizontal row; denotes similarity in size with horizontal neighbors, as well as having the same number and type of electron shells as them] and belonging to other 'class'/'category'/'type'/having other properties x_{4} according to scheme/organization pattern/standard/periodic table x_{5}. x4 can be any category of similar elements, such as (but not limited to): metals, conductors, gases (at STP), or those elements which obey some sort of pattern following certain atomic/physical/chemical characteristics (such as first iönization energy, stability of nucleus, abnormalities in electron configuration according to naïve expectations, etc.). Groups may (presently) be hard to name (or unsystematic in such) since the periodic table may be infinitely large such that it is equipped with an infinite number of groups between any two mutually nonidentical groups. For now, use cmevla or brivla for designating groups; optionally, pick a representative member of that group. Periods can be designated similarly or by number (counting by ones from one (being the period containing hydrogen)). See also: ratykle, ratniklesi for nongismu options; ratni, klesi, navni, kliru, cidro, tabno, kijno, gapci, xukmi


bitni
experimental gismu x_{1} is measured in x_{2} (number, default 1) bits/shannons (unit of data/information) of logarithmic base x_{3} (default 2) See skami, datni, bitnymei, baitni // Decimal prefixed forms (powers of 1000): ki'orbitni megbitni gigbitni tetybitni petybitni xexybitni zepybitni gotybitni // Binary prefixed forms (powers of 1024): kirbibitni merbibitni girbibitni terbibitni perbibitni xerbibitni zerbibitni gorbibitni // x_{3} is for defining units with bases other than 2, e.g. trits (bitnrci), nats (bitnrte'o), dits/bans/hartleys (bitnrdau)


cagna
experimental gismu x_{1} is an open/closed wound on locus x_{2} caused by x_{3}. Unlike velxai, it's specific to physical injuries pertaining to the surface of an organic body such as skin. Open wounds include ka'arcagna for "incision / incised wound", fercagna for "laceration", gukcagna for "abrasion", tuncagna for "puncture wound", grecagna for "penetration wound", batcagna for "bite wound", dancagna for "gunshot wound", jelcagna for "burn", da'ercagna for "bedsore", furcagna for "necrosis"; closed wounds include daxcagna for "contusion/bruise", camdaxcagna for "hematoma", ra'ircagna for "chronic wound". The victim (the whole of the injured body) may be specified by joining it to the x2 with "po" or putting it directly on x2 with "tu'a".


canja
gismu rafsi: caj x_{1} exchanges/trades/barters commodity x_{2} for x_{3} with x_{4}; x_{1}, x_{4} is a trader/merchant/businessman. Also (adjective:) x_{1}, x_{2}, x_{4} is/are commercial (better expressed as ka canja, kamcanja). x_{2}/x_{3} may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event (possibly service), or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posycanja for unambiguous semantics); (cf. dunda, friti, vecnu, zarci, jdini, pleji, jdima, jerna, kargu; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, banxa, cirko, dunda, janta, kargu, prali, sfasa, zivle)


carmi
gismu rafsi: cam cai x_{1} is intense/bright/saturated/brilliant in property (ka) x_{2} as received/measured by observer x_{3}. Also lustrous, gleaming, sparkling, shining (all probably better metaphorically combined with gusni: gusycai or camgu'i); in colors, refers principally to increased saturation (with opposite kandi). See also denmi, gusni, kandi, ruble, skari, tilju, tsali, mutce, blabi, blanu, bunre, cicna, crino, grusi, narju, nukni, pelxu, xekri, xunre, zirpu.


centi
gismu rafsi: cen x_{1} is a hundredth [1/100; 10^{2}] of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.


ciksi
gismu rafsi: cki x_{1} (person) explains x_{2} (event/state/property) to x_{3} with explanation x_{4} (du'u). Explanation x_{4} is an underlying mechanism/details/purpose/method for x_{2} (= velcki for reordered places), generally assumed to be nonobvious; metaphorical usage with the various causal relations (i.e. jalge, mukti, krinu, rinka, nibli, zukte) is possible, but the nonobviousness, and the existence of an explainer with a point of view makes this word not a simple expression of cause. See also cipra, danfu, jalge, jinvi, krinu, mukti, nabmi, preti, rinka, sidbo, zukte, tavla.


citsi
gismu x_{1} is a season/is seasonal [cyclical interval], defined by interval/property x_{2}, of year(s) x_{3}. Also anniversary (= citsydei, na'arcitsydei), jubilee (= mumnoncitsi); the period of time may be short or long as indicated by x_{2}, and may occur every year or every nth year as indicated by x_{3} (default every year); (x_{2} and/or x_{3} may need metaphorical restriction: djecitsi, pavdeicitsi; also equinox, solstice, time of year. See also cedra, crisa, critu, dunra, ranji, temci, vensa, jbena.


cmeta
experimental gismu x_{1} is meta to/an example of x_{2} that describes such an object/concept/notion/system/topic/etc., being meta in property/aspect x_{3}, and which has features x_{4}, governed by/considered in system/considerations/epistemology/theory x_{5}; x_{1} is meta (a particular type of abstraction of x_{2} so as to apply to itself in some sense); x_{1} is an/a piece of/an example of x_{2} that applies fractally thereto Does not (necessarily) mean "beyond", "after", "beside"; in some (rather pictoral) senses, these meanings may be necessary but not sufficient for being meta in this sense; thus, "metaphysics" should not be translated using this word. x1 is an object, notion, topic, system, etc. which applies to x2 but which is itself an example thereof; for example, the meanings of the words "metalinguistics" and "metadata" are meta in this sense. It is not necessarily directly selfreferential, but could be fractally applicative. x1 is an X that is about (another) X; x1 is an abstraction of X so as to apply to X. x1 does not necessarily abstract [from] (in one sense), but is abstract to, x2. See also: xulta (generalized/weaker), sucta.


cnemu
gismu rafsi: nem ne'u x_{1} (agent) rewards x_{2} [recipient] for atypical x_{3} (event/property) with reward/desserts x_{4}. Differs from earned payment because of atypical nature; rewards need not be positive but are in some sense deserved from the point of view of the rewarder: positive reward (= zanyne'u), punishment, penalty, demerit (= malne'u, sfane'u); x_{4} may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posne'u, posyvelne'u for unambiguous semantics). See also dunda, friti, jerna, jinga, jivna, pleji, sfasa, venfu, prali, dapma.


dekpu
gismu x_{1} is x_{2} (default 1) local volume unit(s) [nonmetric; e.g. bushel], standard x_{3}, x_{4} subunits. Gallon (= likydekpu), quart (= likseldekpu), barrel (wet = likybradekpu, dry = sudbradekpu), bushel (= sudydekpu), peck (= sudyseldekpu), cupful (= kabrydekpu), tablespoon (= mucydekpu); teaspoon (= mucyxeldekpu); (all of these lujvo may need gic to distinguish the English measurement system in contrasting with some local system; the English system is otherwise presumed to be the default nonmetric system). (additional subunit places may be added as x_{5}, x_{6}, ...); See also canlu, litce, rupnu, fepni, gutci, minli, merli, bunda, kramu.


dekto
gismu rafsi: dek x_{1} is ten [10; 10^1] of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro


digno
experimental gismu x_{1} is aligned diagonally along/between nonadjacent vertices x_{2} as in polytope x_{3}; x_{1} is a diagonal line segment/linear manifold of lower dimension as viewed in frame of reference x_{3}; x_{1} is crooked (one sense), skew (one sense, see notes), offkilter (one sense), away from center/offcenter, nonorthogonal/not perpendicular nor parallel, at an angle, perhaps nonvertical and nonhorizontal, diagonal to x_{2} in figure/coordinate system x_{3}. Not for use in: entries of tensors/matrices (confer: daigno), certain geometric meanings (such as with Cartesian products), etc. Only for purely 'visual' geometric objects/figures/frames. The polytope in question need not actually be 'drawn'; an oriented frame of reference naturally 'projects' a polytopic sense onto all objects. x1 can be any linear manifold of lower dimension than the space in which it is embedded (defined by x3). The skewness is not relative to another linear manifold in some higherdimensional space (the usual definition of "skew" in geometry)  it is simply a skewness (in a layperson sense) relative to points in a figure or axis in a coordinate system. Proposed by Gleki.


djuno
gismu rafsi: jun ju'o x_{1} knows fact(s) x_{2} (du'u) about subject x_{3} by epistemology x_{4}. Words usable for epistemology typically have a du'u place; know how to  implying knowledge of method but not necessarily having the ability to practice (= tadjyju'o). (cf. know/familiar with: se slabu, na'e cnino, na'e fange). See also cmavo list du'o, krici, jinvi, cilre, certu, facki, jijnu, jimpe, senpi, smadi, kakne, birti, mipri, morji, saske, viska.


dunda
gismu rafsi: dud du'a x_{1} [donor] gives/donates gift/present x_{2} to recipient/beneficiary x_{3} [without payment/exchange]. Also grants; x_{3} is a receiver (= terdu'a for reordered places); the Lojban doesn't distinguish between or imply possession transfer or sharing; x_{2} may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posydu'a, posyseldu'a for unambiguous semantics). See also benji, muvdu, canja, pleji, vecnu, friti, sfasa, dapma, cnemu, prali.


femti
gismu rafsi: fem x_{1} is 10^{15} of x_{2} in dimension/aspect x_{3} (default is units). See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro
