lojbo jufsisku
Lojban sentence search

Total: 1569 result(s)
pleji
gismu rafsi: lej le'i x1 pays/compensates/remunerates/[rewards] payment x2 to recipient/payee x3 for goods/services x4. Also x4 commodities; x4 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posle'i, posyvelyle'i for unambiguous semantics); rent (= jerle'i, lejyjbera). (cf. canja, cnemu, friti, kargu, vecnu, jdima, prali, jerna, sfasa, dunda, jinga, dapma; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, cirko, dirba)
radno
gismu rafsi: ra'o x1 is x2 radian(s) [metric unit] in angular measure (default is 1) by standard x3. Measured in degrees (julra'o); right ascension astronomical measurement. (= cacryra'o). See also jganu, kilto, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, gutci, litce, megdo, mikri, milti, minli, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.
salri
experimental gismu x1 is the differintegral of x2 with respect to x3 of order x4 with starting point x5 Definition of which differintegral operator is being used is context dependent. Output x1 is a function, not a value (that is, it is f rather than f(x)); it must be specified/restricted to a value in order to be a value. x2 is likewise a function. If the function has only one variable, x3 defaults to that variable; when x2 is physical, without context, time will probably usually be assumed as the default of x3 (but may be made explicit by temsalri). Positive values of x4 are integrals, negative values are derivatives, and zero is identity; at the least, any real value may be supplied for x4; x4 has no default value. Useful for making lujvo for physics, for specifying career/total/sum versus peak/instantaneous value, for distinguishing between instantaneous versus average values/quantities, for specifying rates, generalized densities (including pressure), "per" for smooth quantities, etc. See also: salrixo (synonymous zi'evla).
salrixo
fu'ivla x1 is the differintegral of x2 with respect to x3 of order x4 with starting point x5 Definition of which differintegral operator is being used is context dependent. Output x1 is a function, not a value (that is, it is f rather than f(x)); it must be specified/restricted to a value in order to be a value. x2 is likewise a function. If the function has only one variable, x3 defaults to that variable; when x2 is physical, without context, time will probably usually be assumed as the default of x3 (but may be made explicit by {temci zei salrixo}). Positive values of x4 are integrals, negative values are derivatives, and zero is identity; at the least, any real value may be supplied for x4; x4 has no default value. Useful for making lujvo for physics, for specifying career/total/sum versus peak/instantaneous value, for distinguishing between instantaneous versus average values/quantities, for specifying rates, etc. See also: salri (synonymous gismu).
slabu
gismu rafsi: sau x1 is old/familiar/well-known to observer x2 in feature x3 (ka) by standard x4. This can cover both meanings of old. Old in years, i.e. age, can be conveyed through x2 = the world, life, existence (= loi nu zasti); in usage this has been a common default for ellipsis. However slabu is not the opposite of 'young' (= nalci'o, tolci'o), but the opposite of 'new' (= tolni'o); also ancient (= tcesau), age (= nilsau); x2 is used to x1 (= selsau for reordered places); historic/historical (= cirsau, cirselcedra; also vaipru). (cf. clani, citno, cnino, se djuno; not the opposite of citno, djuno)
snidu
gismu rafsi: nid x1 is x2 seconds in duration (default is 1 second) by standard x3. See also cacra, junla, mentu, tcika, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.
sovda
gismu rafsi: sov so'a x1 is an egg/ovum/sperm/pollen/gamete of/from organism [mother/father] x2. (poorly metaphorical only due to gender- and species- being unspecified): ovoid, oblate (= pevyso'aseltai, but better: claboi); egg, specifically female (= fetso'a), of a bird (= cpifetso'a, cpiso'a), of a chicken (= jipcyfetso'a, jipcyso'a. (but note that Lojban does not require specificity, just as English doesn't for either milk or eggs; "sovda" is fine for most contexts); If fertilized, then tsiju or tarbi. (cf. ganti, gutra, mamta, patfu, rorci, tsiju, lanbi, tarbi; also djine, konju for shape, tarbi)
tarmi
gismu rafsi: tam tai x1 [ideal] is the conceptual shape/form of object/abstraction/manifestation x2 (object/abstract). Also pattern; x1 is the mathematical or theoretical ideal form, while x2 is an object/event manifesting that form; e.g. circular/circle-shaped (= cukseltai) vs. circle (=cuktai, while cukla alone is ambiguous); model (= ci'ersaptai, saptai, ci'ersmitai, smitai). See alse nejni, te marji for physical shape, tapla, bliku, kubli, kurfa, cukla, mapti, morna, sarlu.
tcaxe
experimental gismu x1 (object) has charge x2 (number) in units x3 for interaction/of type x4 and in/by/using convention x5 Generic type of charge; individual charges tend to be scalars. For electromagnetism, the meaning of a "positive charge" is either the signum of the charge of an electron for electricity or the signum of the charge of a south magnet for magnetism. Includes mass (gravitation charge (gavytcaxe) if it is being treated as such; x2 default: ma'u), electric charge (dicmytcaxe), (strong) isospin, weak isospin, color charge (Quantum Chromodynamics; tsabytcaxe), intrinsic spin/Dirac-Pauli charge, most quantum numbers (lepton number, baryon number), etc. See also: majga, dikca, eldicka'u, kuardicka'u, paulcna, plankexu, grake.
terto
gismu rafsi: tet x1 is a trillion [10^{12}] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). Cf. grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.
tifri
experimental gismu x1 is the audience/enjoying party of work/performance/program/transmission/experience x2 (concrete or abstract); x1 watches/listens/reads/experiences x2 All connotations about the judgment of the experience by x1 are neutral in this definition (despite the use of the "enjoy"). This word references a generalizing concept of x1 being an audience to some work or experience, such as magic acts (even if x1 participates somewhat),theatrical plays, ovations (radio, storytelling, etc.), télévision programs, books, discussions or media productions on the Internet, etc. The core concept is audiencehood, regardless of the work being enjoyed/experienced and its form. There are no connotations about how x2 is perceived by x1 (that is: which senses are used), nor how x2 is transmitted nor who or what allows x1 to experience it (that is: whether there is an agentive performer or just a piece of hardware that displays x2), nor of the nature of x2; the term is completely generic and general. See also: tigni, jarco, lifri, skina, kinzga, tirna, zgana, cradi, tivni
traji
gismu rafsi: rai x1 is superlative in property x2 (ka), the x3 extreme (ka; default ka zmadu) among set/range x4. Also: x1 is x3-est/utmost in x2 among x4; x1 is the x3 end of x4; x1 is extreme; x1 is simply x3. (cf. cmavo list rai, jimte, milxe, mutce, note contrast with milxe and mutce rather than with mleca and zmadu, which are values for x3, banli, curve, fanmo, krasi, manfo, prane)
turni
gismu rafsi: tru x1 governs/rules/is ruler/governor/sovereign/reigns over people/territory/domain/subjects x2. x2 need not be complete specification of set of governed; reign/rule (= noltru); king/queen/sovereign (= nolraitru); pure democracy (= roltrusi'o), representative democracy (= rolka'itrusi'o), viceroy (= ka'itru), pure communism (= kaurpo'esi'o), board of directors/trustees, steering committee (= trukamni); government (= trugunma, trugri (emphasizing the components), truci'e (emphasizing the organization)). See also catni, minde, tutra, jecta, gugde, ponse, jitro.
tutci
gismu rafsi: tci x1 is a tool/utensil/resource/instrument/implement used for doing x2; [form determines function]. (cf. cabra, minji, se pilno, zukte, sazri, basic tool types: salpo, pulni, cfine, klupe, jendu, xislu, vraga; utensils: forca, smuci, dakfu; specifics: balre, mruli, cinza, garna, pijne, pambe, canpa, pilno, vraga)
vamji
gismu rafsi: vam va'i x1 (ni) is the equivalent value/worth of x2 [item(s) of value] to x3 for use/appreciation x4. Also: x2 is worth x1 to x3; (for x2 person:) x2 merits (one sense), (adjective:) x2 is worthy (= selva'i for reordered places); merit reward (= nemselva'i); receive merited reward (= vamselne'u); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyva'i, posyselva'i for unambiguous semantics). (cf. jdima, jerna, vecnu, dirba, janta, kargu, pleji; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, vajni)
vecnu
gismu rafsi: ven ve'u x1 [seller] sells/vends x2 [goods/service/commodity] to buyer x3 for amount/cost/expense x4. x1 is a salesperson/salesman/vendor; x3 buys x2 from x1 (= terve'u for reordered terms); x4 is the price of x2 to x3 (= velve'u for reordered terms); for sale (= fitselve'u, selvenfriti); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyve'u, posyselve'u for unambiguous semantics). (cf. canja, dunda, janta, pleji, jerna, kargu, prali, zarci, vamji, jdima; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, fepni, friti, jerna, rupnu)