ma'a pacna lo xagrai gi'e ku'i kanpe lo xlarai
We hope for the best but expect the worst.


mi pacna fi li so'u fe lo nu do klama
I wish you came.


nonpa'a


pa'arbau


mi pacna fi li so'a fe lo nu solri ba zi
I hope it will be sunny soon.


incala


norpa'a


sojypa'a


sorpa'a


sotpa'a


tolpa'a


apma


ko'oi


kanpe
experimental gismu x_{1} expects/looks for the occurence of x_{2} (event), expected likelihood x_{3} (01, default {li} {so'a} i.e. near 1); x_{1} subjectively evaluates the likelihood of x_{2} (event) to be x_{3}. The value of x_{3} is a subjective estimate of likeliness according to x_{1}, and is the basic determinant of whether kanpe means something like "hope" or "wish" or "expect", although kanpe never carries the connotation of desire; for that connotation see pacna. kanpe with x_{3} not very close to 1 has no simple equivalent in English, but for objects/states with negligible expectation it is something like "wishing"; if the state is plausibly likely, it is something like "hoping". In both cases, though, the English implication of emotional desire is not present. The value will usually be expressed using inexact numbers ("li piso'u" to "li piro"); notnecessarily desirous wish, not necessarily desirous hope. See also ba'a, djica, pacna, lakne, cunso.


nulpa'a
lujvo p_{1} expects/looks for the occurence of p_{2} (event), expected likelihood p_{3} (01); p_{1} subjectively evaluates the likelihood of p_{2} (event) to be p_{3}. The value of x_{3} is a subjective estimate of likeliness according to x_{1}, and is the basic determinant of whether nulpa'a means something like "hope" or "wish" or "expect", although nulpa'a never carries the connotation of desire; for that connotation see pacna. nulpa'a with x_{3} not very close to 1 has no simple equivalent in English, but for objects/states with negligible expectation it is something like "wishing"; if the state is plausibly likely, it is something like "hoping". In both cases, though, the English implication of emotional desire is not present. The value will usually be expressed using inexact numbers ("li piso'u" to "li piro"); notnecessarily desirous wish, not necessarily desirous hope. See also ba'a, djica, pacna, lakne, cunso.


djica
