panra
gismu x_{1} parallels x_{2} differing only in property x_{3} (ka; jo'u/fa'u term) by standard/geometry x_{4}. Also: x_{1} is parallel to x_{2}, x_{3} is the only difference between x_{1} and x_{2} (= terpanra for reordered places); x_{1} and x_{2} are alike/similar/congruent. A parallel involves extreme close similarity/correspondence across the entirety of the things being compared, generally involving multiple properties, with focus placed on one or a small number of differences. See also pa'a, mintu, simsa, girzu, vrici.


lo panra linji na kruca
Parallel lines do not intersect each other.


zo pacna zo kanpe cu panra lo ka valsi zo'ei lo nu djica
The word "pacna" is parallel to "kanpe" differing in that "pacna" describes desire and "kanpe" doesn't.


si'a


pa'a
cmavo panra modal, 1st place (parallel; shared property) similarly; in addition to ...


sepa'a
cmavocompound panra modal, 2nd place similarly; similar to ...


tepa'a
cmavocompound panra modal, 3rd place (property) contrastingly; contrasting in property ...


vepa'a
cmavocompound panra modal, 4nd place (standard/geometry) similarly; similar by standard ...


la lojban pu mo'u se pagbu lo tcila gerna fi lo mekso .i lo se go'i cu panra lo bridi gerna be le narcmaci bangu
Lojban has incorporated a detailed grammar for mathematical expressions. This grammar parallels the predicate grammar of the nonmathematical language.


panryzilbri
lujvo x1=b2=p3 is a (predicate) equivalence relationship/similarity/parallel with/between/among arguments (sequence(s)/set(s)) x2=b3=p1=p2, partitioning (with only empty intersection) set/structure x3=p4; elements of x2 are mutually similar in property x1 within structure x3; x3 is partitioned by x1 into equivalence classes (including) x2; An equivalence relation is reflective, symmetric, and transitive. Likewise for the first two terbri of panra. Therefore, order of x2 is unimportant. See also: panra, panrykle, terpanryziltolju'i


tolpanra
lujvo x_{1} contrastswith/isdistinguishedfrom/issetapartfrom x_{2} in property/aspect x_{3} Things are parallel, analogous or equivalent in some property when they share that property, not when they differ in it, so the te panra has to be the property which they share and makes them parallel. When the focus is on a property that they don't share, the things are said to contrast in that property, they are not parallel in it. See also panra.


fraktali


terpanryziltolju'i
lujvo x1=j2=p3 (ka; jo'u/fa'u term) is the minor difference in/between x2=p2 and x3=p1 that is to be ignored, their similarity being by standard/in geometry x4; x2 is the same as/similar to/parallels x3 in standard/geometry x4 up to/modulo/except for/ignoring unimportant difference x1; x1 is not the focus of the main consideration concerning the similarity between x2 and x3; x2 belongs to/is an element of the same equivalence class as x3, which depends on x4 in some way and which ignores the property x1. For example, tetrominoes "L" and "7" are similar up to the unimportant property of 90degree rotation; thus: loka carna keiku ly terpanryziltolju'i zebu loka mapti. x2 and x3 are symmetric; while with panra, x1 (which is x3 in terpanryziltolju'i) is possibly of importance/focus/attention, for terpanryziltolju'i, x2 is. Additionally, lo panra and lo se panra are identical, therefore conversion under te does not affect the x2 and x3 positions of panra, so the overall structure does not need to have undergone an additional conversion. See: panra, klesi, panrykle, panryzilbri


vrici


mintu


pacpanra
