lojbo jufsisku
Lojban sentence search

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lujvo x1 (vector) is the differintegral (with respect to time) of order x2 of the displacement of x3 (object/point) relative to x4 (object/point/frame of reference; contextless default: origin) in coordinate system/frame of reference/as measured by x5 according to definition/standard/(meta)physics x6, taken with starting point x7 This word uses two experimental gismu (one with an experimental rafsi): nicfa and salri. If x2 is positive, then x1 is a time-derivative (velocity, acceleration, jerk, etc. (for whole number values)); if it is negative, then x1 is a time-integral (moments); if it is 0, then x1 is displacement itself. x1 is vector-valued.
gismu rafsi: not noi x1 is a message/notice/memorandum about subject x2 from author x3 to intended audience x4. Emphasis on brevity, single or identifiable subject (contrast with xatra: the emphasis in notci is on the single or cohesively focused subject, while the audience is less defined - indeed only an 'intended' audience. xatra need not have a single or focussed subject - its corresponding place is for 'content'); reminder/memo/note (= mojnoi). See also xatra, nuzba, mrilu, morji.
gismu rafsi: pes pei x1 thinks/considers/cogitates/reasons/is pensive about/reflects upon subject/concept x2. Also: x1 is thoughtful (one sense); x2 is mental (one sense)/intellectual (one sense) (= selpei). See also cmavo list pe'i, jijnu, menli, morji, sidbo, jinvi, se nabmi, minra, lanli, besna, saske, skami.
gismu rafsi: pli x1 uses/employs x2 [tool, apparatus, machine, agent, acting entity, material] for purpose x3. Also utilize; x2 is useful/used productively by x1 to do x3 (= selpli for reordered places); hire/employ (= le'ipli, lejyplicu'a). (cf. tutci, cabra, minji, gasnu, zukte for x2, cmavo list pi'o, sazri, jibri)
gismu rafsi: pir xra x1 is a picture/illustration representing/showing x2, made by artist x3 in medium x4. Also (adjective:) x1 is pictorial/illustrative; drawing (= xraselci'a), x1 draws x2 (= xraci'a/xraci'a), image (= xratai), photo (= kacmyxra), take a photo (= kacmyterxra, kacmyxragau, kacmyxrazu'e); sculpture, relief (= blixra). See also ciska, cinta, prina, mupli, barna, skina.
gismu rafsi: lut lu'a x1 is a route/path/way/course/track to x2 from x3 via/defined by points including x4 (set). A route merely connects origin/destination, but need not be improved in any way; (x4 is a set of points at least sufficient to constrain the route relevantly). (cf. litru, naxle, tcana, dargu, klaji, ve klama; tadji, zukte for means to a goal, klama, pagre)
gismu rafsi: pos po'e x1 possesses/owns/has x2 under law/custom x3; x1 is owner/proprietor of x2 under x3. (x3 is generally more important to the concept than commonly accepted for the English equivalent, since the concept is broader when unconstrained, and the nature/interpretation of possession/ownership is very culturally dependent); See also ckini, ralte, jitro, steci, srana, tutra, turni, zivle.
gismu rafsi: pal x1 is a profit/gain/benefit/advantage to x2 accruing/resulting from activity/process x3. Also (fe) x2 profits from x3 (= selterprali for reordered places); x1 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= selposprali for unambiguous semantics). See also vecnu, cnemu, pleji, jinga, canja, sfasa, jerna, jdima, dunda, zivle.
gismu rafsi: pam pa'i x1 loves/feels strong affectionate devotion towards x2 (object/state). Also: x1 is loving towards x2, x1 is a lover of x2 (one sense), x2 is beloved by x1 (= selpa'i for reordered places). See also cinmo, xebni, nelci, djica, sinma, pluka, kurji, pendo, speni.
experimental gismu x1 is a waterfall (geological and hydrological, semi-permanent feature) with source/flowing fluid x2 (fluid need not be water), with rock/terrain characteristics/grade (slope)/features x3 in potential (gravitational well/field) x4; mass/quantity of fluid x2 flows over feature x3 so as to fall /tumble down it (continuously) Despite the gloss, the waterfall need not constitute falling water specifically, just a falling-tumbling fluid. x3 might be (but is not necessarily strictly) a terrain feature underlying the flow of the fluid. Proposed short rafsi: -pup-. Confer: falri'e, jacfa'u, jacfalstu.
gismu rafsi: pur pru x1 is in the past of/earlier than/before x2 in time sequence; x1 is former; x2 is latter. Time ordering only (use lidne otherwise); aorist in that x1 may overlap in time with x2 as long as it starts before, x1 starts before x2 but is continuing during x2 (= cfaprucabna); non-aorist before, i.e. x1 is over/ended before x2 starts (= fampru), x1 is completed before x2 starts (= mulpru). See also lidne, balvi, cabna, farna.
gismu rafsi: ral x1 is principal/chief/leader/main/[staple], most significant among x2 (set) in property x3 (ka). Staple (= ralselpra); general/admiral/president/principal leader (= ralja'a, ralterbe'e; use additional terms to distinguish among these); also primary, prime, (adverb:) chiefly, principally, mainly; (x2 is complete specification of set). See also vajni, te bende, minde, lidne, jatna, jitro, gidva, midju.
gismu rafsi: ri'u x1 is restrained/held [back]/constrained/kept by restraint x2 against x3 (event). Also: x2 is a restraint/binding for x1, x2 keeps/restrains/holds [back]/constrains x1 from x3 (= selri'u for reordered places); agentive restraint (= ri'urgau, ri'urzu'e). See also zifre, ralte, pinfu, kavbu, fanta, jgari, jimte, bapli, curmi, kluza, tagji.
gismu rafsi: rik ri'a x1 (event/state) effects/physically causes effect x2 (event/state) under conditions x3. x1 is a material condition for x2; x1 gives rise to x2. See also gasnu, krinu, nibli, te zukte, se jalge, bapli, jitro, cmavo list ri'a, mukti, ciksi, xruti.
gismu rafsi: rup ru'u x1 is measured in major-money-units (dollar/yuan/ruble) as x2 (quantity), monetary system x3. Also pound, rupee, franc, mark, yen; x1 is generally a price/cost/value. See also jdini, sicni, jdima, vecnu, fepni, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli, bunda, kramu.
gismu rafsi: sa'i x1 stands [is vertically oriented] on surface x2 supported by limbs/support/pedestal x3. x1 is standing; x1 stands up; x1 is erect/vertical/upright; x1 bows/bends over (= krosa'i, krosa'ibi'o, plosa'i); frame of reference is (approximate) perpendicularity to the surface, and not to a gravity field. See also kamju, sraji, tuple, zbepi, sarji.