lojbo jufsisku
Lojban sentence search

Total: 152 result(s)
experimental cmavo translation marker - original/native version: marks a construct as having been translated and therefore particularly (possibly, but not necessarily) susceptible to the errors or limitations associated with translation (especially if the translator is unsure of the best result/option) Might be useful for translations of idioms, songs, poetry, wordplay, political speeches, nuanced phrasings, (in stories) prophecies, riddles, rhymes, etc. Followed by members of selma'o CAI, the marker indicates the corresponding level of uncertainty in the best possible choice of translation according to the opinion/expectation/judgment of the speaker/translator. Also may indicate a cultural or linguistic gap. For Lojban especially, it might be useful when various ambiguities arise in the original text and the translator is forced to pick interpretations from among them.
gismu rafsi: gad x1 is an article/descriptor labelling description x2 (text) in language x3 with semantics x4. x2 is the noun phrase/sumti without the article/descriptor; description ((x1 with x2) = gadysu'i); note: 'determiner' has become the accepted general linguistics term, displacing 'article'; however, 'determiner' includes all words that can introduce a noun phrase/sumti, whether a description or not, such as pronoun possessives like lemi, quantifiers (especially in indefinites) like ci and su'o, and demonstratives like ti, ta, and tu; the term 'descriptor' in Lojban, is limited to words that introduce descriptions (excluding indefinites), such as those of selma'o LA and LE, their common compounds such as lemi, and possibly lenu. 'article' typically refers only to a single word; Lojban assumes the broader meaning] See also valsi, cmavo.
experimental cmavo connective modifer/limiter Used for ji and other connective questions. It is preceded by such a connective (question) word and is followed by the set of words or the selma'o name to which the answer is expected/required to belong; the former may be literally a list of cmavo (such as 'zo .e ce zo .a', meaning that only AND or AND-OR are acceptable responses) or the name of a set of them (such as 'non-logical connectives', 'tanru after-thought connectives', 'symmetric connectives', 'all connectives except .u'. etc.). Terminated by ge'u'i. For example 'do djica tu'a loi ckafi ji noi'i lu .enai li'u ce lu na .e li'u ge'u'i loi tcati' asks 'Do you want: some coffee, some tea - where your answer can be only the former or the latter?'.
experimental cmavo iterated Cartesian product with self: A × A × ... × A, n times. Probably belongs to selma'o VUhU but, since it is iterated JOI, there is the case for that. First argument A is a set or similar object; second argument n is a nonnegative integer; the result is the cross-product of A with itself n times. Used as a shortcut for longer, arguably more preferable, constructions so that one can more closely say "R three" and mean R^3. Emphatically not equivalent to exponentiation; it only works on sets and similar objects. See also: te'a, pi'u, se'au.
experimental cmavo Abstraction variable indicator selbrisle. xe'u is a pro-bridi (meaning it takes the place of a fully-specified bridi). xe'u indicates that the selbrisle is considered to be a bridi-variable that can be filled by other bridi. xe'u makes sense only inside abstraction clauses. In particular, xe'u is almost solely used in prenex in order to put a word of selma'o NU in prenex in a statement of predicate logic of third or higher order. See bu'ai for usage. See also ce'u, bu'ai.
experimental cmavo convert a grammatical quotation to a tanru unit; x1 expresses/says the quoted text for audience x2 via expressive medium x3. The terminator is li'au. It is neither grammatical nor logical that a fragment and a sentence are connected by a sentence conjunction like ``.i je'' or ``.i ba bo''. However, such an expression is common among non-Lojban texts. Selma'o lu'ei forms a tanru unit, and helps us to translate such an expression without losing logical aspect of Lojban. It is also useful in writing scenarios. See also li'au, lu and me. Example 1: lu'ei ki'u lo nu la'e di'u na se tarti mi'a noi cinfo ku'o lo tamsmi sei spuda li'au .i ba bo la cinfo fau lo nu banli plipe cu cecla vofli pagre lo vacri gi'e snura zvabi'o lo ragve (cited and modified from ``lo se manci te makfa pe la .oz.'' translated by la selpa'i.) Example 2: ko'a lu'ei u'i doi .maman. ko viska .i ta dasni cizra li'au i ko'e lu'ei .oi ko na degja'o .i ko smaji li'au
fu'ivla x1 is a strict/proper sub-x2 [structure] in/of x3; x2 is a structure and x1 and x3 are both examples of that structure x2 such that x1 is entirely contained within x3 (where containment is defined according to the standard/characteristics/definition of x2; but in any case, no member/part/element that belongs to x1 does not also belong to x3) but there is some member/part/element of x3 that does not belong to x1 in the same way. If x2 is a (sub)set, then x1 is a proper subset of x3; if x2 is a mathematical/algebraic (sub)group, then x1 is a proper subgroup of x3; etc. Can also be used for describing proper sub-lakes (such as Lake Michigan), proper super-selma'o, and other non-mathmetical usages. x3 is a proper super-x2 of/with x1. Biological taxa, if comparable, are usually/hypothetically proper. See also: klesi, cmeta.
experimental gismu x1 dons metaphorical asbestos suit x2 to guard against flames x3 on topic x4 from x5, who disagrees with post x6 for reason x7, not realizing that the post was meant to be sent to x8 rather than all of mailing list x9 (default jboste) where it was posted in response to email x10, whose author wishes selma'o x11 (default SE) were extended to concisely express place x12 of brivla x13 (default besto) which has place structure x14 and too many places because of sadistic whim x15 of brivla-maker x16, who also created brivla x17 which has place structure x18, and so winds up using too many of cmavo x19 (default zi'o) in order to make the brivla ( x13) more usable by standard x20 and wishes they had never heard of the word besto for reason x21, not realizing for reason x22 that it was suggested sarcastically due to boredom x23 of person x24, who is proposing it against better judgement x25 because it is fun by standard x26, but still wishes it had as many places as x27 (default du) for reason x28, and feels like throwing in epistemology sumti x29, because he/she knows both that gismu x30 (default besto) has its place structure defined by run-on sentence x31 and that epistemology sumti are used in gismu x32 by epistemology x33, notwithstanding the fact that x34 actually has a use for besto places x35 (default 1) through x36 (default x7) and wishes this weren't an extremely long and stupid joke, longer than joke x37 and stupider than joke x38 but still appreciated by x39 - a fact which says x40 about them in the opinion of x41 - but not seen as even remotely amusing by x42, who is aware that x43 has a use for the gismu besto because of x45 A joke gismu from http://mw.lojban.org/index.php?title=besto . Place x_44 is absent for some reason