siktoldi
lujvo x_{1} is a silkmoth/silkworm [probably Bombyx] of species/breed/type x_{2} No implication is made about its present life stage; for specific/scientific usage, use bombiksia; for the larval/caterpillar/worm form, use sikykemciftoldi; for the moth/mature/adult form, use sikma'ubortoldi; for the cocoon, use siktodlanka or todbi'olanka. Since many moths have silken cocoons, in order to reference a member specifically of genus Bombyx, use bombiksia.


skoto
gismu rafsi: kot ko'o x_{1} reflects Gaelic/Scottish culture/nationality/language in aspect x_{2}. Irish (= sicko'o), Scottish (= sunko'o), Celtic (= dzeko'o), Welsh (= nanko'o), Breton (= fasko'o); since Scottish/Gaelic is only the northern branch of the Celtic tribes, many would prefer a fu'ivla for Celtic; nationalism might also demand a separate fu'ivla for Irish. See also brito, glico.


su'ifa'uvu'u
cmavocompound mekso operator: plus or minus with order important, (((a±b)±c)±...±z) Strictly not "positive or negative" (if order matters, use ma'ufa'uni'u instead for that purpose). Subscript fa'u when multiple such operators (including "positive or negative" and others) are in use but are applied independently. This word is more useful and more general in mathematics than su'ijavu'u is, but is perhaps/arguably less general(ly useful) in Lojban, syntactically speaking, since not all statements have multiple occurrences of fa'u that may be linked.


tasmi
experimental gismu x_{1} is the way or manner in which activity/event x_{2} is done/happens Lojban has always been lacking a gismu for "x1 is the manner of event x2" or similar. Later, tai started to be used for it, and then, since a BAI needs a brivla (usually a gismu) to be based on, they invented tamsmi. So tasmi is a true brivla for tai, the BAI of tasmi. Cf. tai, tamsmi


veljvo
lujvo x_{1} is a metaphor [of affix compound] with meaning [of affix compound] x_{2} with argument [of affix compound] x_{3} with affix compound x_{4}; x_{1} is the tanru/metaphor construct of complex word/affix compound/lujvo x_{4} x4 is a compound word that is composed of various morphological/lexical "parts" that represents the underlying tanru/construct x1. Since this word is languageindependent, the metaphor construct need not be successivelybinary, as it is in Lojban. x1 is the tanru construct that underlies/is used to interpret/analyze/"break apart" lujvo x4.


vrusi
gismu rafsi: vus vu'i x_{1} (ka) is a taste/flavor of/emitted by x_{2}; x_{2} tastes of/like x_{1}. Also: x_{2} tastes of seasoning x_{1}, x_{1} is a seasoned flavor of x_{2} (= tsapyvu'i); vrusi may overlap the senses of taste and smell, since the latter is a significant component of taste. See also kukte, tsapi, cpina, panci.


fertis
cmevla x_{1} is Virgo [constellation/astrological sign]. From ferti. The Greeks and Romans associated Virgo with their goddess of wheat, DemeterCeres who is the mother of ProserpinaPersephone. For this reason the constellation became associated with fertility (in both Babylonia, Greece and Rome). Alternatively, she was sometimes identified as the virgin goddess Iustitia or Astraea, holding the scales of justice in her hand as the constellation Libra. Since ferti in lojban covers both potential and actual/realized fertility, the original meaning of the constellation have been chosen, but you could probably still interpret the name in both senses (as a deity of fecundity or as a fertile virgin).


glevli
lujvo x_{1}=v_{1}=g_{1} has the power to bring about sexual activity/event x_{2}=v_{2} with x_{3}=g_{2} under conditions x_{4}=v_{3}; x_{1} is sexually powerful in aspect x_{2} Mutual symmetry between g1 and g2 is partially lost since only g1 is necessarily endowed with sexual power (even though the act of sex is mutually symmetric between them). Generalized sexual power (as in: selfempowerment) should have x3 erased or gleborsezvli; this word implies have sexual power over another (upon/over whom some sort of sexual power may be exercised).


je'aunai
cmavocompound discursive: correcting/corrective/correction  inattentive/uncaring/neutral toward the presence of possible errors  permitting (known/likely/plausible) errordiscursive: correcting/corrective/correction  inattentive/uncaring/neutral toward the presence of possible errors  permitting (known/likely/plausible) error/incompleteness/approximation Not quite lying since this construct alerts the audience in good faith to the presence of (known/plausible/likely) errors or "incomplete truths" in the utterance; the plausibility and pertinence of the presence of such errors is subject to the utterer's judgment, opinion, knowledge, philosphy, desire to draw attention to them at that stage in the discussion, belief, etc.  in other words, absolute Truth (such as in an existential sense external to the utterer) does not necessarily result in the utterance of this construct, even if errors may be present. Potentially useful for academic or technical honesty. "Error" may be rendered as "incompleteness of truth" or "approximation" in this context.


ponse
gismu rafsi: pos po'e x_{1} possesses/owns/has x_{2} under law/custom x_{3}; x_{1} is owner/proprietor of x_{2} under x_{3}. (x_{3} is generally more important to the concept than commonly accepted for the English equivalent, since the concept is broader when unconstrained, and the nature/interpretation of possession/ownership is very culturally dependent); See also ckini, ralte, jitro, steci, srana, tutra, turni, zivle.


te'au
experimental cmavo iterated Cartesian product with self: A × A × ... × A, n times. Probably belongs to selma'o VUhU but, since it is iterated JOI, there is the case for that. First argument A is a set or similar object; second argument n is a nonnegative integer; the result is the crossproduct of A with itself n times. Used as a shortcut for longer, arguably more preferable, constructions so that one can more closely say "R three" and mean R^3. Emphatically not equivalent to exponentiation; it only works on sets and similar objects. See also: te'a, pi'u, se'au.


toi'e
experimental cmavo start UIapplicative metalinguistic UIparenthetical Presently (without this word), there is no "official" way to apply a UI cmavo to another (instead, they merely express simultaneous emotions pertaining to the relevant construct). This word begins a parenthetical which can contain UI cmavo and applies these cmavo as a string of UI to the immediately previous UI cmavo metalinguistically (as if the external UI is/are any other type of word which can be acted upon by UI). An omitted UI (external or internal) in this case is equivalent to ge'e. Since the produced parenthetical functions as UI, nested or subsequent such parentheticals operate on it as it operates on external UI cmavo. For details on grouping and application, see koi'e. See also: toi'o.


vamveile'ikarda
lujvo x_{1}=k_{1}=vr_{4} is a storedvalue/gift/prepaid card with stored value x_{2}=va_{1}=vr_{1} for usage x_{3}=va_{4}=p_{4}, accepted by payee/merchant x_{4}=va_{3}=p_{3} Mustn't be associated with account debit/credit since value is preset (and stored wherever). Normally anonymous/without cardholder. Cf. lejykarda, baxydinkarda, jitseldejykarda, detseldejykarda, maksriveikarda, lejykardymi'i, jdini.


rakle
experimental gismu x_{1} is an atomic element in group x_{2} [usually, vertical column; denotes electron configuration and, thereby, chemical similarity with vertical neighbors] and period x_{3} [usually, horizontal row; denotes similarity in size with horizontal neighbors, as well as having the same number and type of electron shells as them] and belonging to other 'class'/'category'/'type'/having other properties x_{4} according to scheme/organization pattern/standard/periodic table x_{5}. x4 can be any category of similar elements, such as (but not limited to): metals, conductors, gases (at STP), or those elements which obey some sort of pattern following certain atomic/physical/chemical characteristics (such as first iönization energy, stability of nucleus, abnormalities in electron configuration according to naïve expectations, etc.). Groups may (presently) be hard to name (or unsystematic in such) since the periodic table may be infinitely large such that it is equipped with an infinite number of groups between any two mutually nonidentical groups. For now, use cmevla or brivla for designating groups; optionally, pick a representative member of that group. Periods can be designated similarly or by number (counting by ones from one (being the period containing hydrogen)). See also: ratykle, ratniklesi for nongismu options; ratni, klesi, navni, kliru, cidro, tabno, kijno, gapci, xukmi


ratniklesi
fu'ivla x_{1} is an atomic element in group x_{2} [usually, vertical column; denotes electron configuration and, thereby, chemical similarity with vertical neighbors] and period x_{3} [usually, horizontal row; denotes similarity in size with horizontal neighbors, as well as having the same number and type of electron shells as them] and belonging to other 'class'/'category'/'type'/having other properties x_{4} according to scheme/organization pattern/standard/periodic table x_{5}. Nongismu version of rakle. x4 can be any category of similar elements, such as (but not limited to): metals, conductors, gases (at STP), or those elements which obey some sort of pattern following certain atomic/physical/chemical characteristics (such as first iönization energy, stability of nucleus, abnormalities in electron configuration according to naïve expectations, etc.). Groups may (presently) be hard to name (or unsystematic in such) since the periodic table may be infinitely large such that it is equipped with an infinite number of groups between any two mutually nonidentical groups. For now, use cmevla or brivla for designating groups; optionally, pick a representative member of that group. Periods can be designated similarly or by number (counting by ones from one (being the period containing hydrogen)). See also: rakle, ratykle; ratni, klesi, navni, kliru, cidro, tabno, kijno, gapci, xukmi


aigne
fu'ivla x_{1} is an eigenvalue (or zero) of linear transformation/square matrix x_{2}, associated with/'owning' all vectors in generalized eigenspace x_{3} (implies neither nondegeneracy nor degeneracy; default includes the zero vector) with 'eigenspacegeneralization' power/exponent x_{4} (typically and probably by cultural default will be 1), with algebraic multiplicity (of eigenvalue) x_{5} For any eigenvector v in generalized eigenspace x_{3} of linear transformation x_{2} for eigenvalue x_{1}, where I is the identity matrix/transformation that works/makes sense in the context, the following equation is satisfied: ((x_{2}  x_{1} I)^x_{4})v = 0. When the argument of x_{4} is 1, the generalized eigenspace x_{3} is simply a strict/simple/basic eigenspace; this is the typical (and probable cultural default) meaning of this word. x_{4} will typically be restricted to integer values k > 0. x_{2} should always be specified (at least implicitly by context), for an eigenvalue does not mean much without the linear transformation being known. However, since one usually knows the said linear transformation, and since the basic underlying relationship of this word is "eigenness", the eigenvalue is given the primary terbri (x_{1}). When filling x_{3} and/or x_{4}, x_{2} and x_{1} (in that order of importance) should already be (at least contextually implicitly) specified. x_{3} is the set of all eigenvectors of linear transformation x_{2}, endowed with all of the typical operations of the vector space at hand. The default includes the zero vector (else the x_{3} eigenspace is not actually a vector space); normally in the context of mathematics, the zero vector is not considered to be an eigenvector, but by this definition it is included. Thus, a Lojban mathematician would consider the zero vector to be an (automatic) eigenvector of the given (in fact, any) linear transformation (particularly ones represented by a square matrix in a given basis). This is the logically most basic definition, but is contrary to typical mathematical culture. This word implies neither nondegeneracy nor degeneracy of eigenspace x_{3}. In other words there may or may not be more than one linearly independent vector in the eigenspace x_{3} for a given eigenvalue x_{1} of linear transformation x_{2}. x_{3} is the unique generalized eigenspace of x_{2} for given values of x_{1} and x_{4}. x_{1} is not necessarily the unique eigenvalue of linear transformation x_{2}, nor is its multiplicity necessarily 1 for the same. Beware when converting the terbri structure of this word. In fact, the set of all eigenvalues for a given linear transformation x_{2} will include scalar zero (0); therefore, any linear transformation with a nontrivial set of eigenvalues will have at least two eigenvalues that may fill in terbri x_{1} of this word. The 'eigenvalue' of zero for a proper/nice linear transformation will produce an 'eigenspace' that is equivalent to the entire vector space at hand. If x_{3} is specified by a set of vectors, the span of that set should fully yield the entire eigenspace of the linear transformation x_{2} associated with eigenvalue x_{1}, however the set may be redundant (linearly dependent); the zero vector is automatically included in any vector space. A multidimensional eigenspace (that is to say a vector space of eigenvectors with dimension strictly greater than 1) for fixed eigenvalue and linear transformation (and generalization exponent) is degenerate by definition. The algebraic multiplicity x_{5} of the eigenvalue does not entail degeneracy (of eigenspace) if greater than 1; it is the integer number of occurrences of a given eigenvalue x_{1} in the multiset of eigenvalues (spectrum) of the given linear transformation/square matrix x_{2}. In other words, the characteristic polynomial can be factored into linear polynomial primes (with root x_{1}) which are exponentiated to the power x_{5} (the multiplicity; notably, not x_{4}). For x_{4} > x_{5}, the eigenspace is trivial. x_{2} may not be diagonalizable. The scalar zero (0) is a naturally permissible argument of x_{1} (unlike some cultural mathematical definitions in English). Eigenspaces retain the operations and properties endowing the vectorspaces to which they belong (as subspaces). Thus, an eigenspace is more than a set of objects: it is a set of vectors such that that set is endowed with vectorspace operators and properties. Thus klesi alone is insufficient. But the set underlying eigenspace x_{3} is a type of klesi, with the property of being closed under linear transformation x_{2} (up to scalar multiplication). The vector space and basis being used are not specified by this word. Use this word as a seltau in constructions such as "eigenket", "eigenstate", etc. (In such cases, te aigne is recommended for the typical English usages of such terms. Use zei in lujvo formed by these constructs. The term "eigenvector" may be rendered as cmima be le te aigne). See also gei'ai, klesi, daigno
