sotpa'a


nonpa'a


sojypa'a


sorpa'a


pacna
gismu rafsi: pa'a x_{1} hopes/wishes for/desires x_{2} (event), expected likelihood x_{3} (01); x_{1} hopes that x_{2} happens. Also: x_{1} is hopeful of x_{2}; x_{2} will hopefully occur, as hoped for by x_{1}; the value of x_{3} is a subjective estimate of likeliness according to x_{1}, and is the basic determinant of whether pacna means 'hope' or 'wish' or 'expect': hoping for objects/states with negligible expectation is "wishing"; if the state is plausibly likely, it is "hoping"; when the probability is subjectively near 1, the attitude is described as "expecting"; the value will usually be expressed using inexact numbers ("li piso'u" to "li piro"); wish (= sotpa'a), hope (= sorpa'a), expect (= sojypa'a). See also djica.
