lojbo jufsisku
Lojban sentence search

Total: 264 result(s)
dau'a
experimental cmavo gafyzmico: Reset all default specifications of immediately previous word to official definition specifications hereinafter (permanently) Restores all default specifications in the (terbri) structure of immediately previously uttered word so that implicit/omitted zo'e and di'au that may fill the terbri of that word are predefined/specific in reference and do indeed necessarily agree with the default setting explicitly specified in the discourse-external/“official” definition of the word. The terbri are not filled by this word. Usage is only meaningful for a brivla with at least one terbri (regardless of being explicitly filled or otherwise). In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri default restoration (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has the x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word, but the default setting of that terbri is so restored all the same; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by be or bei; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word. Affects all future uses of the word (permanent), until the end of the text/conversation or explicitly undone in some manner. See also: doi'a, de'au, zmico.
de'au
experimental cmavo gafyzmico: Cancellation (permanent) of all defaults in immediately previous word Cancels/overrides/ignores/"kills" all defaults (default specifications) in the (terbri) structure of immediately previously uttered word so that implicit/omitted zo'e and di'au that may fill the terbri of that word are general in potential reference (modulo context) and do not necessarily agree with the default setting explicitly specified in the discourse-exterior/“official” definition of the word. The terbri are not filled by this word. Usage is only meaningful for a brivla with at least one terbri (regardless of being explicitly filled or otherwise). In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri default override (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has the x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word, but the default setting of that terbri is so overridden all the same; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by be or bei; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word. Affects all future uses of the word (permanent), until the end of the text/conversation or explicitly undone in some manner. See also: dau'a, de'oi, zmico.
incita
fu'ivla x1 (text) is an adposition expressing relation x2 (property of nonce place, has places for ce'u referring to members of x3) and connecting members of the set x3 (ordered group of text) The first member of x3 is what follows after the adposition (unless co is used) and is usually called 'complement' or 'argument'. The second member of x3 can sometimes be called 'noun phrase of adposition'; it can e.g. be the current clause (lo bridi), x1 of it, x2 of it etc. x3 doesn't need to represent the full specification, only the first member can be specified. To specify both members ce'o can be used. See also bridi, sumti, sumtcita
ju'u'i
experimental cmavo long-digit interpretation specifier; macrodigit named base specifier When a string of multiple digits is on either side of pi'e, the string is to be interpreted as a single "macrodigit" in the longer numeric string; let the digits that compose it be called "microdigits" for clarity. By default, the macrodigit is interpreted as being written/expressed in some cultural or grammatical default (this default is overridden by ju'au if its specifying sumti requires an alternative interpretation for the value of the macrodigits), probably decimal- the interpretation of the string of microdigits produces a number, x; the "pi'e" implies the denominator to be used in determining the fraction for which x is in the numerator and context or possibly a specified base determines its value- in timekeeping, the interpretation is typically x/60 for certain macrodigits. However, the default for determining the value of x given a string of microdigits might be useful to override (for example, Tsohnai uses an overall factorial base but each macrodigit is written in balanced quinary); this word specifies the base used for interpreting the macrodigit from a string of microdigits. It is placed at the end of the string (possibly before the next "pi'e") and its scope of effect extends from there, through the string of microdigits, to either the beginning of the number as a whole or the most recent "pi'e" (whichsoever was more recently uttered). It is to be followed by a sumti (or multiple sumti strung together by connectives) and has its scope of specification terminate with that sumti; in this regard, it works syntactically and semantically exactly like ju'au. In fact, ju'au can be used outside of the number in order to specify the macrodigit interpretation instead of this word (for example, if its sumti were la .tsonais., this word would not be needed); however, if only a sequence were to have been given as the argument of ju'au (such as the factorial sequence) and if some base other than decimal were desired for the interpretation of each macrodigit from the string of microdigits, then this word would be used. If only one macrodigit appears in the number, then this word is equivalent to ju'au. In short, the scope of this word is one contiguous string of microdigits, and it influences their interpretation into a macrodigit value in the same way that ju'au does. However, if both ju'au and this word specify how to interpret a given string of microdigits in the same number (composed of macrodigits), this word overrides the interpretation specified by ju'au (but only for this macrodigit); thus, for example, a Tsohnai number can have each of its macrodigits be interpreted in balanced quinary except one, which the speaker specifies via this word, because they know the value but did not want to convert it to balanced quinary (because it may be too large or hard to do so easily), so they instead expressed it in decimal.
cirko
gismu rafsi: cri x1 loses person/thing x2 at/near x3; x1 loses property/feature x2 in conditions/situation x3. x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event (rare for cirko), or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= po'ecri, posyselcri for unambiguous semantics). See also facki, ralte, sisku, claxu, jinga, pleji, canja, sfasa, dapma, binra, mipri.
cmagnitude
fu'ivla x1 is emitted/reflected light that measures to be x2 magnitudes in luminous brightness, on scale (si'o)/using reference value/under system/according to definition x3, in logarithmic base x4 (default: decimal (10)) Wavelength is specified in x1; it is improper to submit an object as the sumti for x1. The type of magnitude (absolute, apparent, etc.) must be specified by tanru or lujvo. x2 must be a pure number (dimensionless). The system/scale being used (x3) must specify the reference emission and its reference value/magnitude (for example: the brightness of Vega measures to be 0 magnitudes in all wavelengths), the unit (the meaning of a change by 1 magnitude), and the direction of increasing brightness (traditionally: lesser magnitudes represent increased brightness); note that magnitude is defined for all real numbers. See also: gu'irnilcarmrmagnitu.
da'au
experimental cmavo pro-sumti: forgetful something/memory-less da Functions as da does with respect to existential quantification. Each usage acts as though the scope of all previous usages have been closed/terminated (or that all assignments to the meaning of this word have been forgotten/erased/overridden/unassigned). Even within the same given scope, multiple usages of this word can refer to different things (with or without qualification) and are (modulo qualification) completely free in their reference sets absolutely and with respect to one another; of course, they can mean the same thing, but it is not necessary. Usage within prenexes is essentially pointless if intended to be used after the same. See also: da'o, da, kau'a, kau'e, kau'i, zo'e.
di'au
experimental cmavo pro-sumti and sumyzmico: discourse-interior default it (terbri-specific) Explicitly and emphatically references the specified default value of the relevant terbri as specified/designated by the discourse; thus, its value is context-dependent and subject to specification modifications. It does not necessarily reference the value defined "officially". (zo'e, implicit or explicit, may do so as well, but the use of this word implies some degree of a more deliberate choice to follow the default specification.) When a default of the terbri is not specified by the previous discourse (nor by the discourse-exterior "official" definition of the terbri if not specification modifications have been made previously), this word is equivalent to completely general and elliptical zo'e. See also: di'oi, di'ei.
di'oi
experimental cmavo pro-sumti & sumyzmico: discourse-exterior default it Explicitly and emphatically references the specified default value of the relevant terbri as given by "official" definitions (exterior to the discourse); this value ignores and is independent of any modifications made to the relevant default specification during the discourse. (zo'e, implicit or explicit, may do so as well, but the use of this word implies some degree of a more deliberate choice to follow the discourse-exterior default specification.) When a default is not specified by the definition of a word, this word is equivalent to completely general and elliptical zo'e. See also: di'au, di'ei, zmico.
dirba
gismu rafsi: dib x1 is dear/precious/darling to x2; x1 is emotionally valued by x2. x1 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posydirba for unambiguous semantics). See also tcika, kargu, vamji, vajni, pleji, jadni, jemna.
djica
gismu rafsi: dji x1 desires/wants/wishes x2 (event/state) for purpose x3. If desire is for an object, this is sumti-raising; use tu'a in x2 (or use lujvo = po'edji). See also taske, xagji, mukti, nitcu, nelci, pacna, prami, rigni, trina, xebni, xlura.
friti
gismu rafsi: fit x1 offers/proffers x2 [offering] to x3 with conditions x4. (x4 may be nu canja, nu pleji, etc.; an unconditional offering has the 'condition' of acceptance); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posfriti, posyselfriti for unambiguous semantics). See also canja, dunda, rinsa, vecnu, jdima, cnemu, pleji, vitke.
gu'irnilcarmrmagnitu
fu'ivla x1 is emitted/reflected light that measures to be x2 magnitudes in luminous brightness, on scale (si'o)/using reference value/under system/according to definition x3, in logarithmic base x4 (default: decimal (10)) Wavelength is specified in x1; it is improper to submit an object as the sumti for x1. The type of magnitude (absolute, apparent, etc.) must be specified by tanru or lujvo. x2 must be a pure number (dimensionless). x3 should specify a reference emission and the associated reference value in magnitudes, the meaning of a change by 1 magnitude, and the direction of increasing brightness (traditionally: toward negative infinity); magnitude is defined for all real numbers. See also: cmagnitude.
i'au
experimental cmavo reset bridi-level to zero Auto-inserts all necessary terminators to reset to the top-level bridi of the sentence (i.e. everything that i would insert except the last vau). This is useful if you have opened multiple NU/NOI subclauses, and just want to close them all to add more sumti, terms, or a xoi clause to the main bridi without using a bunch of terminators. // May also be used with UI-cmavo. UI-cmavo placed immediately after i'au would scope over the entire sentence. This is useful for attaching attitudinals as afterthoughts, without having to close the entire sentence manually with the right number of vaus. See ji'au, fu'e, fu'o.
jvinjica'o
fu'ivla x1 is the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization; French: Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI) designation/result/standard/code for general subject type x2 (contextless default probably: airports) applied to specific case/entity/procedure/group/hub/terminus/location x3 according to rule/ICAO specification/publication x4 published by/according to mandating organization x5 (default: ICAO) x1 need not be a name-designation/code (it could be the result of any rule), although it likely will commonly be so. Possible examples of x2-filling sumti include: certain (international) airport code designations, air navigation procedures, etc.. For an airport (generalized)/hub that has such a specification, use {te jvinjica'o} or {te se jvinjica'o} (using the appropriate terbri for specifying the type of hub: tebri j2); for ICAO, consider using {xe jvinjica'o}. See also: jviso, jvinjiata.
ka'ei
experimental cmavo abstractor: predicate abstractor. x1 is the predicate expressed by [bridi], using bo'a, bo'e, etc for variables. Identical in meaning to an n-ary ka, but with lambda-variables bound to bo'a/bo'e/bo'i/bo'o/bo'u (bo'ai for additional variables) instead of ce'u (which may still be used for "next place"). This is mainly for convenience, to avoid having to assign pro-sumti to ce'u variables either with goi or ce'ai. See me'ei, me'au, cei'e, ckaji, ckini