lojbo jufsisku
Lojban sentence search

Total: 264 result(s)
kargu
gismu x1 (object/commodity/property/event) is costly/expensive/dear to x2 by standard x3. x1 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= poskargu for unambiguous semantics). See also vamji, dirba, vajni, jdima, pleji, canja, jerna, jinga, jemna, sfasa, vecnu.
ke'oi
experimental cmavo reverses modification order of contained tanru (does not affect lujvo). Marks a "selskiski"/"military-style"/"noun-adjective" tanru, i.e. tertau come *before* seltau. This differs from co in that it does not affect the place structure of the sumti to the right; i.e. in {mi ke'oi broda brode do} (= {mi brode broda do}), both mi and do are arguments of broda. Default grouping is still left: {lo ke'oi ckule nixli cmalu melbi} resolves to {lo ke'oi (((ckule nixli) cmalu) melbi)}, which is equivalent to {lo melbi ke cmalu ke nixli ckule}. co does not (re-)reverse the order of tanru-modification; it only changes place structure. See ke'e'u.
la'e'au
experimental cmavo the specific referent of [following sumti] defined/specified by the grammar The grammar in question can itself be specified by metalinguistic tags that apply to the utterance; if not explicitly specified, then a cultural assumption/default is applied. This word is useful for distinguishing between, for example, differentiating between something that the speaker happens to call "PEMDAS" and the order of operations PEMDAS (which, presumably, could be included in the grammar as a special word that influences mekso interpretation); likewise for a font that happens to be called ".mekrot." ("math blackboard bold") and the one that definitely refers to the set of characters used for, among other purposes, set notation.
pi'eitci
fu'ivla x1 (the acidity/hydrogen activity of a solution) measures x2 in pH according to scale (si'o) x3 using logarithmic base x4 (default: ten) x1 should not be an object/solution itself (that would be sumti-raising), but rather its acidity/basicness/hydrogen activity; in theory, something other than hydrogen activity could be measured (in which case, it would no longer truly be pH but, for some substance X, actually pX). x3 should specify a reference acidity and its associated pH value (for example: pure water has a pH of exactly 7), the meaning of changing the pH by 1, and in which direction basicness (xor acidity) increases (traditionally: toward positive infinity is representative of relativelt increasingly basicness); x2 can be any real number (not just restricted to the interval from 0 to fourteen), so long as it is pure (dimensionless).
prali
gismu rafsi: pal x1 is a profit/gain/benefit/advantage to x2 accruing/resulting from activity/process x3. Also (fe) x2 profits from x3 (= selterprali for reordered places); x1 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= selposprali for unambiguous semantics). See also vecnu, cnemu, pleji, jinga, canja, sfasa, jerna, jdima, dunda, zivle.
sorcu
gismu rafsi: soc sro x1 is a store/deposit/supply/reserve of materials/energy x2 in containment x3. x3 need not be a container, but could merely be a site/location restriction; e.g. a heap. The sumti indicates how the supply is identified and distinguished from other occurrences of the stored x2 that are not part of the store. (cf. panka; vreji for information storage; sabji for a store or reserve that is not necessarily tied to a site, banxa, panka)
xajmi
gismu rafsi: xam x1 is funny/comical to x2 in property/aspect x3 (nu/ka); x3 is what is funny about x1 to x2. Also: x1 is a comedian (= xampre, xamseljibri for a professional comedian). (x1 can be a person/object or an abstraction; be careful about possible sumti-raising); See also bebna, cisma, cmila, fenki, zdile.
de'oi
experimental cmavo Cancellation (instant-/usage-wise; temporary) of all defaults in immediately previous word Cancels/overrides/ignores/"kills" all defaults (default specifications) in the (terbri) structure of immediately previously uttered word so that implicit/omitted zo'e and{di’au} that may fill the terbri of that word are general in potential reference (modulo context) and do not necessarily agree with the default setting explicitly specified in the discourse-external/“official” definition of the word. The terbri are not filled by this word. Usage is only meaningful for a brivla with at least one terbri (regardless of being explicitly filled or otherwise). In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri default override (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has the x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word, but the default setting of that terbri is so overridden all the same; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by be or bei; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word. The cancellation is only effective for the single occurrence/instant/usage of this word (the next use of the affected word will be implicitly accompanied by its terbri defaults, as defined elsewhere (by official definition or by other (permanent) modifications made to the word)). See also: doi'a, de'au, zmico.
doi'a
experimental cmavo gafyzmico: Reset all default specification of the immediately previous word to their respective discourse-external/official definition specifications for this instance/usage only. Resets all defaults (default specifications) in the (terbri) structure of immediately previously uttered word so that implicit/omitted zo'e and di'au that may fill the terbri of that word are predefined/specific in reference and do indeed necessarily agree with the default setting explicitly specified in the discourse-exterior/”official” definition of the word. The terbri are not filled by this word. Usage is only meaningful for a brivla with at least one terbri (regardless of being explicitly filled or otherwise). In a tanru or other complicated construct, only the most recent word undergoes this terbri default restoration (not every term in the construct). A selbri converted to a sumti by gadri has the x1 terbri filled for the purposes of this word, but the default setting of that terbri is so restored all the same; likewise is the case for terbri accessed by be or bei; seltau in the main level of a sumti are filled by the gadri as well for the purposes of this word. The restoration is only effective for the single occurrence/instant/usage of this word (the next use of the affected word will be implicitly accompanied by its terbri defaults, as defined elsewhere (by official definition or by other (permanent) modifications made to the word)). See also: dau'a, de'oi, zmico
canja
gismu rafsi: caj x1 exchanges/trades/barters commodity x2 for x3 with x4; x1, x4 is a trader/merchant/businessman. Also (adjective:) x1, x2, x4 is/are commercial (better expressed as ka canja, kamcanja). x2/x3 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event (possibly service), or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posycanja for unambiguous semantics); (cf. dunda, friti, vecnu, zarci, jdini, pleji, jdima, jerna, kargu; see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, banxa, cirko, dunda, janta, kargu, prali, sfasa, zivle)
cnemu
gismu rafsi: nem ne'u x1 (agent) rewards x2 [recipient] for atypical x3 (event/property) with reward/desserts x4. Differs from earned payment because of atypical nature; rewards need not be positive but are in some sense deserved from the point of view of the rewarder: positive reward (= zanyne'u), punishment, penalty, demerit (= malne'u, sfane'u); x4 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posne'u, posyvelne'u for unambiguous semantics). See also dunda, friti, jerna, jinga, jivna, pleji, sfasa, venfu, prali, dapma.
dunda
gismu rafsi: dud du'a x1 [donor] gives/donates gift/present x2 to recipient/beneficiary x3 [without payment/exchange]. Also grants; x3 is a receiver (= terdu'a for reordered places); the Lojban doesn't distinguish between or imply possession transfer or sharing; x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posydu'a, posyseldu'a for unambiguous semantics). See also benji, muvdu, canja, pleji, vecnu, friti, sfasa, dapma, cnemu, prali.
javniso
fu'ivla x1 is the ISO designation/result/standard/code for topic x2 applied to specific case/individual/group/thing x3 according to rule/ISO specification x4 published by/according to mandating organization x5 (default: ISO) Theoretically, the standard organization/body could be other than ISO, but it should be prominent and/or international (and internationally recognized) in scope and nature; in such a case, replace each occurrence of "ISO" in the definition with the appropriate name/designation/title (of the organization, etc.). x1 need not be a name-designation/code (it could be the result of any rule), although it likely will commonly be so. Examples of possible x2-filling sumti: code-designations for language, country, currency, etc.. For an entity with a given code, use {te javniso} or {te se javniso} (specifying the type of entity being designated by use of the appropriate terbri j2); for a given ISO rule, consider {ve javniso}; for the organization ISO, consider {xe javniso}. See also: linga, landa, rucni, jvinjiata, jvinjica'o. This word is the fu'ivla version of: jviso; equivalent to jvaiso (for slightly abbreviated form that preserves some pronunciations of "ISO").
jerna
gismu x1 (agent/person) earns/[deserves/merits] wages/salary/pay x2 for work/service x3 (activity). Also x2 earnings, reward (= zanseljerna or nemjerna), punishment/comeuppance (= sfaseljerna, malseljerna); x3 behavior; job (= terjerna); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyjerna, posyseljerna for unambiguous semantics). See also jibri, pleji, vecnu, cnemu, canja, jdima, jinga, prali, sfasa, janta, kargu, vamji.
jinga
gismu rafsi: jig ji'a x1 (person/team) wins/gains prize x2 from/over x3 [competitors/losers] in competition x4. Also: x1 is a victor; x2 reward; x3 competitors here are opponents and in many situations, defeated/losers, vs. the set of those competing for a goal; x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyji'a, posyselji'a for unambiguous semantics). See also cirko, jivna, talsa, cnemu, prali, pleji, sfasa, jdima, jerna, bradi, kargu, kelci.
jvaiso
fu'ivla x1 is the ISO designation/result/standard/code for topic x2 applied to specific case/individual/group/thing x3 according to rule/ISO specification x4 published by/according to mandating organization x5 (default: ISO) Theoretically, the standard organization/body could be other than ISO, but it should be prominent and/or international (and internationally recognized) in scope and nature; in such a case, replace each occurrence of "ISO" in the definition with the appropriate name/designation/title (of the organization, etc.). x1 need not be a name-designation/code (it could be the result of any rule), although it likely will commonly be so. Examples of possible x2-filling sumti: code-designations for language, country, currency, etc.. For an entity with a given code, use {te jvaiso} or {te se jvaiso} (specifying the type of entity being designated by use of the appropriate terbri j2); for a given ISO rule, consider {ve jvaiso}; for the organization ISO, consider {xe jvaiso}. See also: linga, landa, rucni, jvinjiata, jvinjica'o. This word is the fu'ivla version of: jviso; equivalent to javniso.